Compiled by the Deschutes County Historical Society from archived copies of the Bulletin at the Deschutes Historical Museum.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

July 20, 1919

Court allows $1,225 to help county fairs

Four shows planned — Tumalo, Redmond and Grange Fairs and Bend Flower Show included.

With the object of stimulating agriculture, domestic science, horticulture and livestock production in the county, the Deschutes county court, in regular session yesterday afternoon, made appropriations of $1225 for community fairs and shows to be held this summer and fall. The action was taken after the clerk, J. H. Haner, had sent out notices asking that applications for financial assistance from the various fair associations be sent in, and as a result it is considered that the four donations made by the court represent the entire number of fairs to be held this year.

X-ray purchased for new hospital

Probably one of the largest X-ray machines in Eastern Oregon is to be installed in the hospital of the Lumbermen’s Hospital association, according to J. D. Donovan, who made the purchase while on his recent trip to Portland.

Mr. Donovan says that the machine is one of the latest types and capable of doing the most difficult and delicate radiograph work.

Local brick is in demand

The Bend Brick & Lumber company will have its record run this year, according to A. H. Horn, who now has more than 15 men busily engaged in pushing the brick production for the many new orders which have come in for new buildings in Bend, Redmond and Prineville.

Mr. Horn says that before the season is over he will have produced more than 3,000,000 bricks, which is an output far in excess of any of the former years. The building activity locally is largely responsible for the heavy production.

Bend is again without local phone service

Demanding a minimum wage of $2 a day for apprentices, with a $4 a day at the end of two years’ training, together with the stipulation for a six-day week, the telephone operators at the Bend exchange left their switchboards at 6 o’clock last night, and service in Bend was paralyzed all night and today. While hundreds of phone users in the city are anxiously waiting to learn whether or not any steps are being taken which will result in the resumption of service, J. L. Gaither, local manager, refused absolutely to make any statement on this point. “The wage scale is fixed on a universal basis,” was the only remark he made to break the silence which prevailed after every question which was asked him this morning.

The strike was called last night following the arrival of Miss Elnora Hildebrand, organizer, from The Dalles. Organization of the Bend local resulted in the election of Miss Irene Roney as president of the local, Miss Marjorie Hoover as treasurer and Miss Gladys Farnsworth as secretary. The members of the union walked out shortly after.

Judge is ‘dear’ to fortune teller

To be addressed in loving terms by the dark skinned seventh daughter of a seventh daughter, who gazes knowingly into the future and tells what she reads in the crystal — for a consideration — was the surprise which descended upon Police Judge Peoples when Mary John, diminutive Gypsy fortune teller, was brought into court late yesterday afternoon by Acting Police Officer Tom Carlon to pay the license demanded by city charter.

Mary has told fortunes, many of them, and never has she made a mistake she admitted when questioned by the judge. “It’s all right, dear, I’ll pay the license,” she assured him at the close of the examination. “If I made $15, I’ll give you half,” she promised Mr. Carlon as she took her departure.

75 Years ago

For week ending

July 20, 1944

Park delegation due here today

Enroute to Newberry crater to view the area as a possible state park, a party of men and women representing the Federation of Western Outdoor clubs was scheduled to arrive in Bend today. They planned to meet with local park enthusiasts, and proceed to Newberry crater tomorrow under the guidance of Supervisor Ralph W. Crawford, of the Deschutes national forest.

Oregon drivers set speed mark

Motorists in Oregon drove faster than those of any other state in the nation during the first five months of 1944, the safety division of the state department revealed today.

The average speed of Oregon drivers was 44.2 miles per hour, the report revealed, in comparison to the 42.3 mile per hour average of the other 17 states surveyed. Trucks in Oregon averaged 42.6 miles per hour compared to the 38.2 miles per hour national average.

Connecticut, Nebraska and West Virginia were the states with an average of less than 40 miles per hour, the report showed. Lowest of these was Nebraska, with a 38 mile per hour average. Motorists of no state are actually observing the 35 mile an hour rule.

The safety department of the state department pointed out that traffic fatalities in Oregon showed a 13 per cent increase during the first five months of the year, and urged a more general observation of the 35 mile an hour wartime speed limit as a means of reducing this toll.


Soviets punch 124 mile gap in Nazi lines — FDR gives nod to Truman as running mate — Adolf Hitler injured in bomb explosion — Tojo’s fall held proof Japan aware of defeat in pacific — Shortage of fuel oil facing coast

50 Years ago

For the week ending

July 20, 1969

Three American spacemen were visitors to Central Oregon’s ‘moon country’

“The astronauts were here.”

This is the word being received by thousands of tourists who visit the Deschutes National Forest’s Lava Butte visitors’ information center these July days as three of the men who were here prepare for their trip to the moon.

That trip will start Wednesday at 6:32 a.m. A man is scheduled to set foot on the moon, if all goes well, at 11:21 p.m. Sunday. He is Neil A. Armstrong.

He and his companions, Edwin E. Aldrin and Michael Collins, tested their “moon legs” in the Deschutes lava lands.

Astronauts visited the Central Oregon “moon country” in two different years, 1964 and 1966. Their doctor, Charles A. Berry, followed the trail of his world-famous brood to the Deschutes country in the late summer of 1967 and later wrote of the “moon country:”

“… It is some of the most beautiful and desirable country I have ever ever seen.”

He viewed the Deschutes region of Oregon from high Paulina Peak on a mid-September day when lands of four states were visible and old volcanoes stretched into the distance.

So pleased was Dr. Berry with Oregon that he pledged to return. This he will do later this summer. He will be accompanied by at least two of the astronauts who have circled the earth and swung around the moon.

It was the good fortune of this writer to accompany the astronauts on their visits to the Bend country and their climbs up volcanoes, over jagged lavas and across pumice fields.

He tagged along when Walter Cunningham donned a heavy space suit and slowly made his way over jagged McKenzie lavas. A sliding fall on that occasion resulted in a rip in Cunningham’s pressurized suit, and the fall made national news.

The astronauts were introduced to the “moon country” from the 5,000 foot high peak of Lava Butte, facing the old volcano Newberry which once ruled the region.

Instructor for the astronauts on their second visit to Central Oregon was Dr. Aaron Waters of the University of California, world-recognized for his geologic studies in the Pacific Northwest.

At Lava Butte, the astronauts, sitting on a rock wall adjacent to the crater, learned why they had been brought to the “moon country:” They were being acquainted with some features they may find on the moon.

On the moon, they were told, there may be some caves in old lavas pushed out by giant meteors long ago. Such caves would provide shelter from the torrid rays of the sun and the bitter chill of the long nights.

Also, it was noted, there may be ice in lunar caves.

But primarily the astronauts on their Deschutes visit were acquainted with the terrain, and taught how to recognize features, so they can intelligently report if similar features are found on the moon. Don’t be surprised this weekend if Armstrong and Aldrin, walking on the moon as Collins continues his command of the circling spacecraft, reports:

“I am looking at a feature that resembles Newberry Crater in Oregon . . . and nearby are many craters that look like enlargements of the Hole-in-the-Ground.”

Should the astronauts land on a part of the moon riddled by meteorites they can report on features noted at Arizona’s Meteor Crater. They have been schooled in geology from peaks near Flagstaff, Ariz., to the old lands flooded by lava in the Newberry foothills of Oregon.

Yes, the astronauts were here, and in the “moon country” they acquired a schooling that may prove helpful in their interpretation of the rugged lunar surface.

Oregon-made alloy part of Apollo ship

A little bit of Oregon is on its way to the moon.

Wah Chang Albany Corp. said today columbium alloy it had developed and produced here is part of the rocket engine skirt extension of both the Apollo 11 and the lunar module which will descend to the moon surface.

The alloy was developed for space use as a high strength, high reliability metal which will withstand high temperatures.

25 Years ago

For the week ending

July 20, 1994

Bend chosen for biology fossil studies

Bend has edged out Los Angeles, San Francisco and other western cities as the site of an international anthropology research center.

The International Institute for Human Evolutionary Research, a private non-profit organization, has moved its headquarters from Washington, D. C. to Bend, said director Noel Boaz.

The group moved west because people here are more accepting of its ideas, Boaz said.

“We think the western United States is a much more conducive place for this type of research,” Boaz said. “People are a little more open-minded and less traditional than in the East.”

Bend was chosen, Boaz said, because the town is ideal for conferences and many scientists involved in the project would rather live here than in urban areas. Bend also provides a good link to state colleges, Boaz said.

“We’re looking for a social and cultural environment that’s in keeping with what the institute is about,” he said. “We have to attract scientists and other highly trained people to the institute.”

The institute will be part of Central Oregon Community College’s University Center — a state and COCC-funded program that offers Central Oregon students four-year degrees from state colleges.

Boaz said the institute, which has research fields in Uganda, China, Zaire, Libya and Israel, is composed of four research fellows and 40 scientists. It produces national anthropology publications and hosts classes, lectures and conferences.

“Bend will see a lot of different manifestations of this, “Boaz said. “It will put Bend on the map in our field.”