Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of The Bulletin at Deschutes County Historical Society.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

Dec. 15, 1918

Chaos spread halts reform

Spread of disorder in Germany is beginning to menace the stability of the present combination of moderate socialists. Bolshevism is not threatened, but a more radical policy on the part of the government is sure to result eventually.

The Elbert Hasse group, now theoretically controlling Germany, has, in practice, little power, accomplishing practically nothing in the form of economic reform. Workers in German industries are still negotiating with employers, who make promises one day and break them the next.

The present status cannot be improved until a constituent assembly determines Germany’s future form of government. Germany is now a nation without a head, and is in a condition of formal anarchy. That the usual anarchistic conflicts do not prevail is due to the innate sense of obedience drilled for many generations into the German character, and also to the fear that utter destruction might be Germany’s lot if Russian conditions were duplicated.

If the Germans withstand the Spartacus argument, present indications are that a modern reform administration will be established after the constituent assembly meets.

Aviators must do ‘stunts’

Before the war there was, says Edwin Bidwell Wilson in the Yale Review, much criticism of professional exhibiting aviators who, to thrill spectators, put their machine into all sorts of dare-devil attitudes and frequently themselves came suddenly down to death. In fighting, the ability to do all matter of “stunts” is essential. The more completely a pilot can control his machine, the more easily he can toss it hither and thither — cutting figure-eights, looping the loop, nose diving and tail diving — the better chance he has for his own life and the more certain he is to get his opponent.

Sad as the continual reports of death by accident at our aviation training camps, we may rest assured that for an untrained pilot to go overseas to the front is almost certainly fatal, and that for every life lost in training, many are saved in fighting. Fortunately airplanes today are so much stronger structurally and so much better equipped and controlled than before the war, that this necessary “stunting” in school and on the field is no longer really dangerous — the real danger now lies in physical inability to “stunt.” Not only must the pilot of the single-seated fighting scout be thoroughly expert on the wing, he also must be a crack shot with his machine gun. Small wonder that it takes months and months to train an aviator who may develop into an ace.

75 years ago

For the week ending

Dec. 15 1943

Three Front war charted by Allied leaders

President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin have agreed on a master plan to crush Germany by powerful offensives on three fronts — including invasions of western Europe and possibly the Balkans — and have mapped a peace that should endure for “many generations.”

The “big three” of the allied nations announced their decisions in broad terms in a declaration issued today after 100 hours of unparalleled conferences that embraced military, diplomatic and political questions both of the war and the peace to follow.

After concluding their four-day sessions, Premier Stalin returned to Moscow and Roosevelt and Churchill to Cairo to translate speedily into action the decisions that their joint declaration said guaranteed “victory will be ours.”

With the Tehran conference, the allies completed the blueprint for the war in the months to come in both the Atlantic and Pacific. The previous week, Roosevelt and Churchill conferred with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and laid down the broad strategy calculated to bring Japan to her knees.

New way to catch sea fish: tie string to tail

First you get torpedoed or forced down at sea.

Then, having launched your life raft and made yourself comfortable, remove Harold Gatty’s “The Raft Book” from its waterproofed envelope, and turn to page 40.

Following instructions listed there, catch a shark.

Attached to the shark, if you are lucky, you will find a remora fish. Remora fish sometimes attain a length of two feet. They have a sucking disc on top of their heads. They attach themselves to sharks and other creatures of the deep.

Having caught a remora fish, do not eat it. Treat it tenderly. Cherish it. For it can be put to good use.

“Taking care to keep your hands away from its razor-like gills,” to quote Gatty’s book, “tie a line securely onto its tail.

“Now turn the remora loose and give him as much line as you can spare. He will fish for you and attach himself to any shark or turtle or large fish that comes in his range.”

“After he is stuck on one, haul them both in.”

“Repeat this until you or the remora gets tired.”

This bit of inside dope on how to get along aboard rafts is but a small part of the lore, information and detailed instructions, primitive and scientific, packed into Gatty’s little book.

Gatty, who achieved fame years before the war as “round the-the-world” flying partner of the late Wiley Post, wrote this book for inexperienced persons who “find themselves in small craft in the open sea” and wish to “make their way to land.”

He tells how to establish position, directions, and the nearness or remoteness of land by the stars, birds, insects, sun, ski, wind, waves, currents, fish and various scents and sounds, as well as by compass and chart.

50 Years ago

For the week ending

Dec. 15, 1968

Ancient buried Greek city unearthed

The lost Greek city of Sybaris, its riches and decadent pleasure domes buried for 2,500 years, has been found on the Ionian shore of Italy.

Archaeologists Guiseppe Foti of Italy and Frolich G. Rainey of the University of Pennsylvania Museum announced the site discovery and disclosed their search was aided by an instrument developed for outer space but used in archaeology for the first time.

They said they have established “beyond a reasonable doubt” that Sybaris was beneath 15 to 18 feet of earth on the Plain of Crati near Thurii, about a mile from the Ionian shoreline.

The announcement climaxed a century-old search by scholars of many nations for the ruins of the Greek colony, reputedly the wealthiest most luxury-loving and decadent of its time. Sybaris was conquered and destroyed in 510 B.C. by its neighbors from Croton.

The search by Foti’s museum staff lasted eight years. They said locating the ruins was due largely to an instrument called a cesium magnetometer which can locate objects 20 feet below the surface.

“This is the first time, that an instrument of the kind developed for exploration in outer space had been used for archaeology, and it holds promise, where soil conditions are suitable, for the easy recognition of buried objects,” they said in a joint announcement. “It should eliminate much unproductive digging which has been necessary in the past.”

Archaeologists drilled at the site of Sybaris and removed pieces of archaic tile and pottery and struck numerous stone structures.

Ancient historians wrote that Sybarites lived a luxurious and decadent life. There was a law in Sybaris that before women could be invited to a public celebration they must be given a year’s notice to allow enough time to prepare the appropriate dresses and finery.

U.S. ships cruise in Black Sea

Two U.S. Navy destroyers today completed a four-day cruise in the Black Sea without trouble despite Soviet protests and reported ship and plane shadowing.

American warships will continue to make such show-the-flag cruises into the sea that the Russians regard as their private lake.

A spokesman said the destroyers Dyess and Turner passed into the 19-mile-long Bosphorus Straits in daylight, heading home to their 6th Fleet stations in the Mediterranean.

Naval sources said the warships had been shadowed throughout the cruise of the Black Sea by a Russian destroyer and other vessels and by Soviet airplanes.

Moscow had denounced the destroyers as “unwelcome guests” and “intruders.” But a U.S. Navy spokesman called the voyage “routine” and said more destroyers would continue such cruises despite the Soviet protests that the trips were a “provocation” designed to heighten tensions in the area.

According to diplomatic and military sources, the U.S. practice of sending destroyers into the Black Sea is a tit-for-tat response to the Russians massing a 40- to 50-ship naval fleet in the Mediterranean Sea.

25 Years ago

For the week ending

Dec. 15, 1993

‘Mrs. Claus’ comes through

If Santa Claus were a woman, she might be Vicki Brownrigg.

Every year, just like the real St. Nick, she delivers toys to a long list of children. And like the big guy, she even has her own special brand of elves who make sure that each child on that list doesn’t go without.

It all happens at a Christmas party, where every year for the past 14 years, each of Brownriggs friends bring a toy for a needy child. Over the years, Brownrigg, owner of Cascade Disposal, said the party has grown from about 25 women to almost 250.

“I just invited some friends over one year and had them bring some toys. And the next thing you know, it turned into this,” said Brownrigg.

What it has turned into is a veritable who’s who of professional women in Central Oregon, from Deschutes County Commissioner Nancy Pope Schlangen to Mary Lou Purcell, owner of The Riverhouse Inn and Restaurant. But no matter who you are, you don’t get into this party without bringing a gift.

Just as the number of guests have grown, so have the number of toys — and the number of children for whom those toys make a merry Christmas.

“I promised 400 toys, this year. But would you look at this? I just can’t believe all these toys” said Brownrigg, pointing to the mounds of toys stacked up under the Christmas tree at the Bend Country Club.

This year Brownrigg estimates that her party brought in about 500 toys — everything from the popular purple Barney doll on down to teddy bears, Tonka trucks and rag dolls — sure to answer almost any child’s Christmas wish.

In true Santa Claus fashion, Brownrigg distributes the toys based on her own list of needy children from six local elementary schools — Bear Creek, Thompson, Kenwood, Kingston, Buckingham and St. Francis Catholic School and Deschutes County Early Intervention.

For the past five years, that list has been compiled by school counselors throughout Bend, who determine each child’s need and then give their list to Brownrigg. Unlike St. Nick, however, Brownrigg doesn’t distribute her gifts based on who is naughty or nice, rather just on who needs them.

“When I talk to the counselors they’re just so excited this is happening. There’s such a real need out there.”

Once Brownrigg gathers the toys, school counselors then distribute them to the children on their lists.

Though Brownrigg is the driving force behind the annual toy collection, she gives more credit to the counselors and the women who bring the gifts every year.

“They all deserve more credit than I do. Each year, I just think no one is going to show up and then all these people come and all these gifts. I can’t tell you how wonderful that is.”