Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of the Bulletin at Deschutes County Historical Society.
100 YEARS AGO
For the week ending
Nov. 10, 1918
War is over — Germany accepts terms — hostilities cease today
PARIS NOV. 7 — The allies and the Germans signed an armistice at 11 o’clock this morning, and hostilities ceased at 2 o’clock this afternoon. The Americans took Sedan before the armistice became effective.
The greatest war of all times came to an end. As Marshal Foch’s terms are known to include provisions which will prevent a resumption of hostilities, the war is definitely ended.
The German delegation had come into the allied lines under a white flag.
President Wilson was the first to be informed of the signing of the armistice. The state, war and navy departments were then told. The United Press flash arrived exactly at noon.
Secretary of War Baker took the news calmly, merely saying, “Is that so? Good.”
German revolution is rapidly spreading
COPENHAGEN — The revolution which broke out in Kiel has spread throughout Schleswig-Holstein, provinces which Germany seized from Denmark half a century ago.
Revolting soldiers and sailors are reported to have captured the cities of Altona, Flensburg and Apenrade, and to hold a portion of the German high seas fleet.
Hamburg, the greatest commercial center on the continent, is also reported to be seething with revolt, with an artillery battle raging in the streets.
The crews of the battleships Kaiser and Schleswig-Holstein mutinied, waving red flags, it was reported this morning.
According to reports, they arrested their officers and shot 20 of them.
The mutineers declared that they would hold out until peace was declared.
Thousands of German troops ordered to Kiel, where the workmen and soldiers have decided to resist.
German soldiers refuse to fight
AMSTERDAM — It is reported here that three German infantry companies sent to suppress the revolution in Schleswig-Holstein threw their arms into the water.
A fourth company was disarmed.
Peace demonstration to be held tonight in front of Liberty Temple at 8 o’clock
Peace demonstrations are to be staged by the people of Bend tonight.
The health authorities have let down the bars providing no inside gatherings are held, and the meeting will be held on Oregon Street in front of the Liberty Temple.
Speeches are to be delivered from the platform by prominent citizens.
In celebration of the news of the armistice being signed, both The Shevlin-Hixon Company and the Brooks-Scanlon company closed their plants this afternoon, part of the employees marching to the city and parading the streets.
75 YEARS AGO
For the week ending
Nov. 10 1943
‘On the land or on the sea’ (Editorial)
If they were in the habit of waiting, United States Marines might have held up their landing on Bougainville until Nov. 10, for that is their birthday as an armed service of America.
But the battle will still be going on when the day before Armistice Day comes, so the Marines will still be celebrating their nativity in characteristic U.S.M.C. fashion. Of one thing you may be sure — the thoroughness with which they go about it will be quite distasteful to the Japanese.
The United States Marines, we are reminded, came into being in 1775, which makes them 168 years old on Wednesday.
They are a relatively small organization, a very tough one, make a lot of noise about it and are ready to back up what they say on any occasion.
They are proud of their history and Americans in general are just as proud of it and as justly proud. In its most recent chapters are the pages of Wake and Guadalcanal — and who can fail to thrill as he reads them?
Today they are heading to another daring adventure having as its object the clean-up of the Solomons. We wish them good hunting and a successful birthday.
Bend flier back from war zone
A veteran of 25 missions over embattled Europe, Arthur (Bud) Stipe is home on a well-earned leave, following a surprise meeting with his father, Arthur Stipe Sr., yesterday in the eastern part of the state.
The chance reunion of father and son occurred in the Vale area, where the elder Stipe was hunting.
Lt. Stipe had written his wife who makes her home here, and his father, that he would be coming home — but he didn’t say when.
He deliberately disembarked from the stage at Vale in the hopes his dad might be doing a little hunting. The hotel clerk informed him that the Elder Stipe had just checked out, so he got on the stage again in disappointment.
A few miles out he spotted his dad’s car on the highway, got off the stage again, and the reunion was staged in the brush lands,
Over the left breast pocket of his flier’s uniform, the lieutenant wears the distinguished flying cross, in the air-medal with three oak leaf clusters attached and the European theater of operations ribbon.
But his decorations only hint of the story.
In the past five months Lt. Stipe has taken part, and successfully, in all of the major mayhem perpetrated on Germany and German held lands by our forces — including the raid on the Schweinfurt ball-bearing plant, which caused damage to the enemy but also chalked up huge losses for our air force.
“Bud” who has been living on “borrowed” time for at least his last five missions if statistics are correct, is mighty glad to be home again for the next 24 days, after which he will be reassigned to duty.
50 YEARS AGO
For the week ending
Nov. 10, 1968
Richard Nixon wins presidency, popular vote margin very close
Richard M. Nixon in his second try apparently has been elected President of the United States with 287 electoral votes.
Two possibilities, however remote, remained that Hubert H. Humphrey might spoil Nixon’s comeback.
1. In Illinois, last of the big states to indicate it’s choice, it was conceivable, if not likely that a recheck might put Humphrey in the lead there.
2. A resurvey of votes in all the states just possibly might turn up unsuspected errors.
The News Election Service which compiled results for all media, said it believed the returns from Tuesday’s election were reliable.
But it announced that it was making a precautionary count-by-count recheck of results from all 50 states.
Nixon and Humphrey ran neck in neck in the popular vote. But the Republicans piled up an electoral vote which apparently assured his victory.
His winning margin came when Illinois’ 26 electoral votes were added to the 261 Nixon previously had won in other states. This put him well past the 270 needed for election.
In the popular voting, it had been one of the closest elections of modern times. Although Nixon wound up with more than the 270 electoral votes he needed to win, he was often behind in the popular balloting.
Returns from the nations precincts gave:
Nixon — 29,539,500 popular votes (43 pct) and 287 electoral votes.
Humphrey — 29,565,052 popular votes (43 pct) and 181 electoral.
Independent Party Candidate — George C. Wallace — 9,181,466 (13 pct) and 45.
Parents invited to take kids place in high school. Can they keep up?
Next Thursday, the parents will go to school, and the kids will have a day off — if a plan sponsored by the Bend Senior High School Student Council proves successful.
Every high school student who sends an adult family member to school for the day will receive an excused absence.
The student is free to go skiing, stay home and watch television, even go to work in place of the parent — if employers would go along with the idea.
The faculty has approved the plan, which was entirely initiated by the students. The students have worked out rules, including eligibility for the student substitutes, arrangements for completing classwork and other details.
Parents will follow their youngsters’ regular class schedule during the day.
Parents who may worry about a stiff workout in the gymnasium during physical education period can be reassured. They will not be required to participate in strenuous exercise.
The event is a promotion of American Education Week, November 1-16.
25 YEARS AGO
For the week ending
Nov. 10, 1993
75 years later, world remains in trenches
ARMISTICE CLEARING, France — Officially, World War I ended here, in a railroad car where Allied and German commanders signed an agreement to halt the butchery that had taken 12 million lives.
But 75 years after all fell quiet on the Western Front the conflict that soldiers call The Great War remains unfinished for their great-grandchildren in such places as Bosnia, the Middle East and the former Soviet Union.
World War I baptized the 20th century as the bloodiest in history. It shredded centuries-old empires into squabbling nation states of civilization, spawned Nazism and Leninism and bred intractable conflicts.
Although The War to End All Wars formally ceased on Nov. 11, 1918 its members smolder in small wars and affect the foreign policies of nations wary of bigger ones.
New map, new conflicts
After World War I, the winners broke up the empires of the losers, transforming them into unstable political patchworks.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire became Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary and western Romania and southern Poland. Parts of prewar Germany helped create Poland, Czechoslovakia and Lithuania.
Hardly anyone was satisfied and the resulting grudges led to World War II.
In the past few years the collapse of the Soviet Union has freed long-repressed ethnic hatreds, war has raged in Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia has come apart.
In the Middle East where oil was the prize, France and Britain divided the Ottoman Empire into protectorates: today’s Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan.
Britain promised a national home to Jewish settlers in Palestine, who had helped their war effort. In 1948 Israel was born.
The Arabs who fought for Britain under T.E. Lawrence, saw their expectations of independence dashed and considered the Jews a colonial tool.
Only now, 75 years and several wars later, are Israelis and Palestinians making peace.
Another Middle Eastern people, the Kurds, also were promised a state by the victors of 1918. They did not get it and are not likely to.