Highlight: In 2001, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 headed to the Dominican Republic, crashed after takeoff from New York’s Kennedy airport, killing all 260 on board and five people on the ground.
In 1815, pioneering American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York.
In 1920, baseball got its first “czar” as Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected commissioner of the American and National Leagues.
In 1927, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.
In 1936, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a telegraph key in Washington, D.C., giving the green light to traffic.
In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. (The Allies ended up winning a major victory over Japanese forces.)
In 1987, the American Medical Association issued a policy statement saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
In 1990, actress Eve Arden died at age 82.
In 1998, Chicago Mayor Richard Daley filed a $433 million lawsuit against the firearms industry, declaring that it had created a public nuisance by flooding the streets with weapons deliberately marketed to criminals. (A judge dismissed the lawsuit in 2000.)
Ten years ago: Army psychiatrist Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan was charged with 13 counts of murder in the Fort Hood, Texas, shooting rampage.
Five years ago: President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping announced a groundbreaking agreement between their countries to curb carbon emissions blamed for climate change.
One year ago: Stan Lee, the Marvel Comics writer and publisher who revolutionized the comic book, died at 95.