Kate Brown

Age: 58

Residence: Salem

Profession: Governor

Education: University of Colorado, bachelor of arts, environmental conservation; Northwestern School of Law, Lewis and Clark College, law degree

Knute Buehler

Age: 54

Residence: Bend

Profession: State representative and orthopedic surgeon

Education: Oregon State University, bachelor of science, microbiology; Oxford University, master’s degree, politics and economics; The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, medical degree

SALEM — Six years after their last electoral battle, Kate Brown and Knute Buehler are back on the ballot together. In 2012, it was the race for secretary of state, won by Brown. This time, the stakes are higher: Governor. Brown became the state’s chief executive in 2015 when John Kitzhaber resigned in an influence peddling scandal involving his administration. Brown won an election in November 2016 to fill out the final two years of Kitzhaber’s term. Now, she is running for her own four-year term.

Buehler recalibrated his political path in 2014, opting to run to represent Bend in House District 54.

Despite a Democratic voter registration edge, he won and was re-elected in 2016.

Brown and Buehler are locked in the most expensive governor’s race in state history, with more than $26 million raised as of Oct. 11. The money has been used for an avalanche of television commercials and digital ads. Outside groups have weighed in against each, adding to the noise level of the campaign.

The Bulletin asked the candidates about two issues of importance in Oregon, and gave them the opportunity to discuss one or two issues in addition that they believe are important in the race. Here are their responses:

Question: Oregon is near the bottom in terms of high school graduation rates in the nation. What can you, as governor, do in terms of specific new steps to bring Oregon above the 50 percent mark among states by the end of the governor’s next term in early 2023?

Brown: Under my leadership, graduation rates have improved by 5 percent, but there’s still more work to be done. As governor, I’ll invest $300 million in career and technical education to ensure students are excited to stay in school. I plan to expand high-quality preschool in the next two years, to an additional 10,000 low-income children, and 40,000 low-income children by 2025. I’m committed to reducing class size averages and requiring a 180-day school year. Finally, I’ll make Oregon home to the best teachers in the nation by ensuring a safe and secure retirement for our teachers.

Buehler: As governor, I’ll take Oregon schools from the bottom five to the top five in five years. My plan has several goals, but I’ll focus on the three most important — restoring the lost school year and more classroom funding. By the time they graduate, students in Oregon have attended an equivalent of a full year less school than the national standard. This needs to change to a full 180-day school year. We also need to solve our classroom-funding crisis, which is the cause of runaway pension and benefit costs that drains more and more dollars away from kids and classroom learning. In addition, we need to fully fund career and technical education. My plan is ambitious, but achievable.

Q: The Public Employees Retirement System is a major block to financial solutions to solve many of the state’s pressing needs. How would you bring the problem under control and move toward a long-term solution?

Brown: Addressing PERS is one of my top concerns, and under my leadership, Oregon passed a law providing matching funds to help local governments reduce their debts and ongoing costs. I will tackle PERS in three key ways. First, working to bring down the unfunded actuarial liability with recommendations of my high level task force. Secondly, we are increasing our return on investments by adding positions in the treasury department to more efficiently manage the state’s investment portfolio. Finally, we need to maintain employee’s investment in their own retirement and continue to pursue cost and risk sharing options for PERS members.

Buehler: We need to fix our broken pension system and redirect resources to critical public programs like K-12 education. As governor, I will not sign any new spending until I have a PERS reform bill on my desk. Elements include:

Honoring past commitments and protecting pension benefits that have already been earned.

Capping the salary amount used to calculate benefits to $100,000 a year.

Requiring all state and local government employees to contribute toward their own retirement benefits.

Enrolling new employees and transitioning current employees to a 401(k)-type plan with a reasonable match.

Q: What other one or two problems affecting Central Oregon do you think are especially important and what new steps you would take to solve or reduce the problem over the course of your term?

Brown: I think access to health care and affordable housing are two critical problems affecting Central Oregon. To address health care access, I’ll work to ensure 99 percent of adults and 100 percent of kids have access to health insurance, and that there is greater access to mental health and addiction treatment. On housing and homelessness, I’m committed to investing in permanent supportive housing for the homeless, accelerating growth in housing supply, and stabilizing existing affordable housing while generating more affordable housing options for communities across our state.

Buehler: As governor, I’ll close the achievement and opportunity gaps between rural and urban, and be a governor for all of Oregon. These gaps include access to higher education. I have been a long-time supporter of Oregon State University–Cascades and bringing a four-year university to Central Oregon. In the Legislature, I worked to get funding for the new campus and expansion project. As governor, I will advocate to put OSU–Cascades on equal footing with the state’s other standalone universities. OSU–Cascades has already had a tremendous, positive impact on the community and is key to Central Oregon’s social and economic future.

— Reporter: 541-640-2750, gwarner@bendbulletin.com