Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of The Bulletin at Deschutes County Historical Society.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

Feb. 9, 1919

Physical education

Facts concerning the physical condition of the young men of the country, brought out by the draft examinations, are the best reason for the adoption of some form of military training.

No one, unless the rabid militarists, wants to see our country send its youths into the army for two or three years simply that all may have military drill.

A few months training, or work, in connection with the schools, according to the Swiss system, should be sufficient to cover the purely military needs.

As we see it the chief object to be gained is that of body development, the correction of physical faults and instruction in ordinary rules of hygiene and correct living.

With this may be given the fundamentals of military drill that will serve as the basis for army training if the time ever comes again when we must undertake the creation of an army for national defense.

In anticipation of some national law covering these necessities support should be given to the bill now pending in the legislature providing for physical education in the schools of the state.

Many objections to the pro

position occur to us, such as the teachers’ lack of training for the work, the limits placed upon it in the arrangement of school rooms for study rather than exercise, the fact that the kind of bodily exercise needed varies with different children and can be determined only by expert examination, and, so far as district schools are concerned, the diversity in ages which would call for different treatment, but all in one room and under one teacher.

Then, too, children in their play and necessary home work get a large amount of exercise.

However, the bill proposes a start which should ultimately lead to conduct of the work on scientific lines and with the needs of each individual ascertained. A start should be made and we therefore trust that the bill will be passed.

Athletic Club activities showing encouraging gain

L.C. Carroll, newly appointed assistant secretary of the Bend Amateur Athletic Club, is now on duty at the club office, and reports that a lively interest is being taken by the membership and that dues are coming in rapidly.

The club management is endeavoring to secure an all around physical director, and as soon as one can be picked from the returned soldiers gymnasium work will be taken up in real interest. The lounge room providing a place where members may smoke, read or play quiet games in front of the big fireplace, is to be completely furnished at once, and it is believed will soon become one of the most attractive features of the club.

At present the club membership is practically unlimited, and is open to every family in the community, providing that each prospective member is properly vouched for and is willing to abide by the rules of the organization.

The bowling tournament which was started last week is attracting considerable attention and will begin on Friday.

75 Years ago

For the week ending

Feb. 9, 1944

Or do we? (Editorial)

A well-known movie star serving with the armed forces is spending half of his 30-day leave in promoting bond sales in Oregon. He appears in Bend on that errand next week. If his presence here and in other Oregon cities helps sell bonds the war loan authorities may well be grateful to him. It should hardly be necessary, however, to use movie stars or atrocity stories to stir the people to buy bonds when they can read in their papers and hear daily on the radio the stories of what their husbands, sons and brothers are doing on the battlefront.

This week, we have had the play-by-play story of the invasion of the Marshall Islands. Our Marines and the Army division from Attu, to say nothing of fliers and naval forces, have joined in taking the first soil that was held by Japan before Pearl Harbor.

What other stimulus do you need to put you into a bond-buying mood?

Our troops are advancing along the Italian peninsula, American fliers are pasting Germany day by day, our subs are sinking Japanese shipping, our boys are clearing up in New Guinea and on Bougainville, Yankee sailors on warships and in the merchant marine are doing big war jobs while in Britain our divisions are massing for the invasion of Europe. Remembering all that do you need the further urging of a figure from the movies to lead you to buy bonds?

We’re a great people, we Americans. We have to be bought by glamor and exhibitionism to do what conscience and patriotism should lead us to do. We have to have the show-off of men join a raft, kisses from movie stars and personal appearances by film figures before we buy bonds to support our men at the front.

Or do we?

Victor Mature to visit Bend

Here he is, gals, and that’s no fancy-dress costume, either. Victor Mature, in his chief petty officers uniform of the U.S. Coast Guard will entertain 1,000 war bond purchasers Thursday night at the Tower Theater.

50 Years ago

For the week ending

Feb. 9, 1969

Conspiracy claim — D.A. disputes Warren Report

Dist. Atty. Jim Garrison told an all-male jury in the Clay L. Shaw trial today the state would prove President John F. Kennedy was murdered by a conspiracy and that he fell backward from a fatal shot fired from the front.

Presenting the state’s opening statement in its attempt to convict the 55-year-old retired businessman of conspiring with Lee Harvey Oswald and others to murder Kennedy. Garrison said he would prove the shots in Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas came from “different guns from different locations.”

Garrison said the state would produce testimony that after the assassination Oswald ran down the grass in front of the School Book Depository Building and climbed into a station wagon with another man at the wheel “and that this station wagon pulled away and disappeared into the traffic on Elm Street.”

The Warren Commission Report concluded that Oswald, acting alone, fired the fatal shots from a sixth-floor window of the Depository and that he escaped by taxicab and bus.

The taxi driver — now dead — who testified that he carried Oswald, told the Warren Commission he remembered Oswald because he gave him a nickel tip.

Garrison indicated the state will show Oswald carried his rifle into the Depository and that he was one of those doing the shooting. But Garrison said Oswald did not fire the fatal shot itself because Oswald was behind Kennedy.

Garrison said the state would prove Kennedy “was murdered not by a lone individual behind him but from a conspiracy.”

Garrison said the evidence would show that in June 1963, Shaw attended a party given in the French Quarter in New Orleans of David W. Ferrie and discussed the murder of the president. The indictment against Shaw names Oswald and Ferrie, both now dead, as co-conspirators.

Garrison said Shaw was overheard talking with Ferrie and others to the effect that Kennedy should be killed and the murder could best be done with a rifle.

“At this point, the defendant, Clay Shaw, suggested that the man doing the shooting would probably be killed before he could make his escape.” Garrison said, “The defendant... turned to Ferrie and asked if it might not be possible to fly the gunman from the scene of the shooting to safety. Ferrie replied that it would.”

Later in June that year, Garrison said, Shaw was seen talking to Oswald on the shore of Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans.

25 Years ago

For the week ending

Feb. 9, 1994

Avalanche threat lurks

Twice, Len Swanzy has felt the snow move under his feet and watched as a wave of white hissed toward him and tried to carry him away.

Neither avalanche completely buried him, but that didn’t make the experience any less frightening. “It was really scary. It just happens in seconds,” he said.

Unlike most people who get caught in avalanches, Swanzy wasn’t out enjoying himself in the snow. As the state’s regional avalanche advisor for the National Ski Patrol and a member of Mount Bachelor’s ski patrol, one of Swanzy’s jobs is deliberately touching off snow slides in controlled areas like Mount Bachelor to make them safe for the public.

Thanks to efforts like that, avalanches in controlled areas are rare. But outside such areas it’s another story.

Most recently, a Bend snowboarder died last year in an avalanche that rolled over him and a friend as they made their way up a 50-degree slope near Todd Lake. The man’s friend also was buried but a friend who witnessed the accident was able to dig him out in time.

Although avalanche accidents are rare in Central Oregon, experts say avalanches are more common around here than the number of injuries would suggest.

More than 90 percent of avalanche accidents involve cross-country skiers or snowmobilers traveling in the back country. Many of those could be avoided with the proper precautions.

Avalanches occur because of slippage between layers of snow. Snow forms layers much like soil does, and the main thing holding the layers together is friction.

If the layers lose their grip, the top slab will crash downhill, picking up more snow as it falls.

Heavy snowfall can easily cause a layer of snow to give way.

So can spring-like weather which melts snow on the surface, allowing water to percolate down until it reaches a thin layer of ice. The water acts like a lubricant, allowing the upper layer to slide away.

On slopes prone to slides, even seemingly subtle sounds or the weight of a skier can touch off an avalanche with little warning.

Danger signs can include cracks in the surface of snow running out from skis or a snowmobile or a sound like a hollow thump — caused by underlying layers of snow collapsing — as a person skis through.

Don’t forget that an avalanche doesn’t play by anyone’s rules.

“It’s the most unpredictable thing in Mother Nature there is,” Swanzy said.

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