Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of The Bulletin at Deschutes County Historical Society.

100 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

June 16, 1918

Huns throw all reserves into big drive

By Henry Wood with the French Army — The new German drive between Montdidier and Noyon is rapidly becoming the most cruel and fierce of all the battles of the war. The Germans are apparently intending to use their entire reserve forces to break through the lines of the allies, separating the two armies and reaching Paris before the full participation of America can wrest the last hope of victory from the kaiser.

There is this much certain — that if the allies can hold out two months longer, the Americans, at their recent rate of arrivals, will give to the allies the incontestable and crushing superiority. Already the American, Italian and British reserves that are being moved Franceward, coupled with the terrific German losses, have wiped out the Germans’ numerical superiority.

The Germans used 30 divisions in the new drive up until midnight, feeding battalion after battalion with unequaled prodigality. The heroic French resistance has counterattacked repeatedly and has kept the Huns constantly engaged, preventing them from being superseded by fresh troops. Every counterattack has netted prisoners, who unanimously declare that the German losses have been frightful.

One of the greatest artillery duels of the war is accompanying the battle, but despite the incredible masses of shells and men used by the Germans their advance has been but three miles daily. The French airmen continue to maintain their inestimable superiority, flying back and forth over the front lines at a short distance from the earth, machine gunning and bombing the German columns. The French expected the attack and are prepared to the fullest extent.

Held for grand jury for theft of sheep

Charles Stauffer, arrested last Saturday on a complaint sworn to by W.W. Brown, and charged with the theft of 13 head of sheep from the complainant, at the preliminary hearing in Judge Eastes’ court today was bound over to the grand jury in the sum or $1,000. H.H. De Armond and N.G. Wallace were attorneys for the state and J.A. Moore for the defense.

Stauffer in his defense stated that the sheep in question had been brought to him by a man named Perry and that he had taken them to raise on shares.

He admitted that the sheep were later sold, but said the sale had been sanctioned by Perry. He denied that he had any knowledge of the sheep belonging to Brown, but that he did know that they were “pickups.”

75 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

June 16, 1943

Swimming pool work started

Dredging of Mirror Pond, adjoining Harmon playfield, for use as a swimming pool, has been started by The Shevlin-Hixon Company’s dredge which was moved from the mill pond to Mirror Pond.

Booms, used in the Fourth of July water pageant in other years, have been placed to enclose a 300-foot pool.

The dredge pumps a heavy stream of water, which is directed against the bottom of the river, sluicing out dirt and gravel to the desired depth.

City and school budgets include funds for the development, which will provide a swimming pool and a dressing room building as well as lifeguards.

German spy had part in sneak attack

A German spy played a major role in the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, providing the Japanese with the numbers and types of American ships there and devising and operating a system of light signals for betrayal of the U.S. fleet four days before the attack, the office of war information revealed today.

Bernard Julius Otto Kuehn, a German agent and member of the Nazi party, was arrested Dec. 8, 1941, found guilty of espionage by a military commission on Feb. 21, 1942, and sentenced to be shot. On Oct. 26, 1942, his sentence was commuted to 50 years at hard labor.

One signal devised by Kuehn for the Japanese fleet was a light from a dormer window in his house at Kalama, a small community located at Kailua, Oahu, on the eastern side of the island. Another light was to be flashed from a Lanikai beach house owned by Kuehn.

Observers say Nazi front may collapse in 1944

The German home front might — just possibly might — collapse with the suddenness of a pricked balloon one of these days.

It might, but too much emphasis cannot be placed on the assurance that no allied plans are based on the possibility. If such a collapse comes, it will be a special dividend, gratefully received but not expected.

Amidst the optimistic news from all fronts, it should be noted that there is no belief among allied authorities in the best position to know that the European war can be won without the toughest fighting on land as well as long and persistent aerial bombardment of a constantly increasing weight.

Allied quarters, however, agree that there are symptoms comparable to those first noted in the German morale in late 1917.

It also has been noted that axis troops being pulled out from the front were embittered and had no heart for further fighting.

50 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

June 16, 1968

Machines may replace hearts

Atomic Energy Commission scientists believe that within 10 years, the human heart can be replaced by a machine.

Before that time they hope to develop a seven-pound atomic-powered motor that would be installed in the abdomen and serve as a pump for failing hearts.

Chairman Glenn T. Seaborg of the AEC said the projects could be “the most dramatic developments in atomic energy in history,” when he testified behind closed doors before a House Appropriations Subcommittee. The testimony was made public this week.

Seaborg said the AEC is working with the National Heart Institute on a motorized pump that could be implanted in place of the heart.

“I have talked to eminent heart surgeons like Dr. Michael E. DeBakey of Houston and they feel definitely that such devices are feasible and can and will be developed in the future,” said Seaborg. He added: “I rather expect that we will see them within say 10 years or something of that order in actual operation in humans.”

In the meantime, AEC scientists are trying to develop a tiny radioisotopes heat engine to power such a pump. It’s immediate use, before the pump itself is developed, would be to boost failing hearts.

A surgical team failed today in an attempt to implant the heart of a sheep into a man.

St. Luke’s Hospital administrator Newell France said the animal’s heart was used as a last resort in an attempt to keep the patient alive until a suitable donor was found.

Hospital officials said the recipient had been in extremely critical condition and probably would not have lived through the night had the implant not been attempted.

The man’s family had consented to the use of the animal heart, France said.

He said the heart of the 125-pound ram required “minimal tailoring” before it could be fit into the man’s body.

Ironic twist (editorial)

The unexpected death of Randolph Churchill in the same week that an assassin’s bullet ended the life of Sen. Robert Kennedy gives an ironic twist to the deaths of both men.

The London Times reported this week that Churchill had recently accepted an invitation to write the official life of President John F. Kennedy.

Churchill, a journalist and only son of Sir Winston Churchill, was to have the Kennedy archives put at his disposal.

25 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

June 16, 1993

Llamas at home on the range

In parts of Central Oregon, it’s the llamas, not the deer and the antelope, that roam and play.

Actually, the domesticated natives of South America usually exhibit a calm disposition, content to lounge around local pastures returning tourist stares.

As their numbers multiply, surpassing many other forms of livestock, llamas no longer seem so exotic around here.

“There’s something mystical about them,” explained resident Terry Dwyer, a real estate agent and owner of four llamas.

“I’ve never had a passion for anything, but these llamas just made me bananas,” she said.

The llama craze, dating back to the early 1970s locally, has touched hundreds of others in Central Oregon. More than 2,500 of the animals — the largest population in the nation — are raised in Deschutes County, where estimated llama sales reached $4.9 million last year.

But to get a good look at them, Crook County is the place to be this weekend. The Central Oregon Llama Festival, the largest llama show in the nation, will be staged Friday through Sunday at the county fair grounds in Prineville.

For llama owners, the show will offer advice on grooming and shearing, showmanship, marketing, veterinary care and the like. For all others it’s a chance to get up close to the seemingly indifferent but sociable creatures — and perhaps destroy the stereotype that llama ranching is the domain of the wealthy, according to Dwyer.

“You can buy a pretty nice llama for the price of a show dog,” she said.

Although some llamas have fetched more than $100,000 and a few local breeders routinely sell high-quality llamas for around $40,000 each, average prices are $1,000 for a male and $8,000 for a female.

So why get one? Countless reasons, as owners have discovered.

In addition to making good companions and serving a scenic role against views of the Cascades, llamas produce wool, earn income through breeding and showing, learn tricks, qualify as 4-H project animals, pack camping gear into the wilderness and hold clubs down the fairway, entertain children and seniors at special functions and guard sheep.

They’re also therapeutic.

“On weekends I can come home and look out at them and just forget everything,” Dwyer said.

20466769