Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of The Bulletin at Deschutes County Historical Society.

100 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

May 26, 1918

New de-louser yank’s friend

The American Army now has “de-lousing” machines.

The Army medical corps operates them. They look something like big trucks carrying huge casks.

Lice may not be exactly popular in polite society in America, but the folks at home can rest assured that they are recognized in the very best families over here.

They are popularly known as “cooties.”

After a fellow has served eight days in the front line trenches he may be lonesome for a while after losing his “cooties,” but he must be “de-loused.” He strips, throws aside his inhabited clothes, gets a tingling hot bath with delousing solution, and then gets clean clothing throughout. His discarded clothing goes to the “de-lousing” machine.

The motive power of the automobile carrying the delousing tanks is steam. With the machine standing still the steam is diverted from the engine into the tanks. The clothing of the soldiers is then thrown into the tanks, sealed up and, exit “cooties.”

The hot iron treatment comes after the steaming. The “cooties” hide in the seams of clothing. Uniform and underwear are laid out, and a hot iron run along every seam. After this treatment the clothing is cootie-free.

The “de-lousing” wagons move from one rest camp to another, steaming out “cooties” as fast as the men come out of the trenches.

It is estimated that a mother “cootie” has something like 3,600 children, grandchildren and great grandchildren in the course of 24 hours, so once she gets ahead of the medical corps “de-lousing” wagon there is a battle on.

It has been established that the louse is responsible for trench fever. Every man ill from trench fever reduces the fighting strength of the Army.

It is war to extermination against the “cootie” with the medical corps.

Will view eclipse of sun at Baker

Prof. Sidney D. Townley of Stanford University stopped off here today on his way to Baker, to give an illustrated lecture on solar eclipses. Townley is going to Baker to view the total eclipse of the sun there June 8.

75 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

May 26, 1943

Churchill promises Congress of U.S. that Britain will fight

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill today promised a cheering American Congress that Britain will fight along side the United States against Japan “while there is breath in our bodies and while blood flows through our veins.”

In a 50-minute review of basic allied war strategy, Britain’s chief executive also declared that:

1. The experiment of attempting to bomb Germany and Italy into collapse will be tried but to the exclusion of other operations. Air power already has reduced German war industry to a condition of “unparalleled devastation.”

2. He hopes he and President Roosevelt may meet soon with Soviet Premier Josef Stalin and, if possible, Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek.

3. Future allied operations, presumably already decided upon, “will be unfolded” in due course.

4. U.S. shipbuilding now surpasses combined American and British losses, and allied sinkings of axis submarines have yielded record results in the last three months, and particularly the last three weeks, “… I have a good and sober confidence that the submarine menace will not be met but overcome,” said Churchill.

5. The main burden of land fighting still is being borne by the Russian army, and there is no doubt that Hitler is reserving his strength for a true gambler’s throw to make a third attempt at breaking the heart of that mighty nation. “He will not succeed,” Churchill added.

“I do not say the war is won,” he told his spell-bound audience. “But it will be won by us, I am sure.”

Thirty-six boys called to Woods

Thirty-six boys, most of them 16-year-olds from Bend High School, will begin work for the forest service Monday.

More than 30 of the boys will go to the Fort Rock district of the forest to work on a brush crew under Ranger Henry Tonseth, with Darrell Ferns assisting as foreman.

After several weeks work in the Fort Rock district, some of the boys will be assigned to guard school at Skyliners playground on Tumalo Creek, to receive instruction in fire control work, then will be assigned to the forest guard staff as lookouts or suppression crew members.

John Stenkamp, Gordon George and Gordon Wick will be assigned to the Sisters district to work under Ranger Harold Nyberg, and Atlee Hawes will go to the Crescent district under Ranger Homer Oft. Phil Brogan, Jr. will receive an early lookout assignment.

50 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

May 26, 1968

Vice President Humphrey, Vietnam war main targets of RFK’s speech in Bend

With articulate statements and carefully chosen campaign rhetoric, Senator Robert Kennedy held a crowd of some 2,000 persons under his sway for more than 30 minutes last night.

Kennedy stepped to the lectern amid cheers from a capacity audience at the Bend High School auditorium.

Commenting on the lack of other presidential campaign visits to Bend, he told the crowd, “well someone cared enough to come to Bend,” and drew prolonged applause.

Making little attempt to disguise attacks on Vice-President Hubert Humphrey’s “politics of joy,” Kennedy said, “We can’t have such politics with the grave problems we face.”

“We can’t be content with a politics of joy when we have to bring in 12,000 troops to quell disorder in the nation’s capital. We can’t have politics of joy when nine of our major cities erupted in violence recently. And we can’t be contented and joyful until the slaughter of Americans in Vietnam has ended.

“I will continue to criticize and refuse to be content as long as young Americans are being killed in Vietnam yet South Vietnamese young men can buy their way out of the draft.

“This is their country and their conflict, and it is their war. Why should American casualties be continually on the increase while the casualty rate for the Vietnamese has steadily dropped?

“There are three million Vietnamese refugees on the conscience of every American, yet the aid money we send ends up in the pockets of political leaders and corrupt generals. I cannot be content as long as this continues.”

During the return trip to Redmond, Senator Kennedy spoke with a Bulletin reporter, outlining his position on gun control legislation.

“The only gun legislation I have sponsored in the Senate,” he remarked, “was to keep guns from falling into the hands of the mentally demented, and those too young to handle guns responsibly.”

He stressed that his efforts would not remove guns from those who are responsible for their actions.

Speaking on his primary hopes he named Oregon as a “key race” in his bid for the Democratic nomination.

Praising the recent CORE statement on “black capitalism,” the Senator expressed his belief that everyone wants the feeling of controlling their own lives.

Prineville sports centennial garb

Beards, boots, bonnets and bustles set the dominant mood yesterday as residents of this Central Oregon city outdid themselves in the attempt to turn the clock back 100 years.

Hundreds of modern day pioneers crowded Pioneer Park and Centennial Village in costumes reminiscent of the Prineville founded by Barney Prine in 1868. At times it was difficult to remember that it was the 20th century.

Groups of ladies in ruffled blouses and gaily plumed bonnets strolled about while their bearded menfolk leaned on the hitching rail and discussed crops, weather and politics outside the assay office.

Small children in calico and denim darted between the legs of their elders as children have for much more than 100 years.

Colorfully garbed couples ambled along wooden sidewalks past rough hewn facades of the opera house, marshal’s office, blacksmith’s shop, and the Bucket o’ Blood saloon.

25 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

May 26, 1993

Fast fun in the hot sun

Good fortune smiled down upon both participants and spectators for Saturday’s Pole Pedal Paddle.

Except for one skier’s spill into a fence and bloodied leg, the biggest unplanned hardship of the six-stage, 36-mile multisport event was a brisk headwind that made bicyclists pump harder and gave kayakers a muscle-wearying fight back to shore before the final sprint.

“It’s absolutely fabulous,” race director Lea Demarest said at midafternoon.

A few changes in race distance and exchange areas “worked out perfectly, and all the volunteers came through,” she said. “It’s a great crowd — a lot of energy.”

Bend’s Justin Wadsworth pulled away on the bicycle leg of the race to claim his record fifth straight PPP victory.

And there was big news as well among the women, as Bend biathlete Angie Stevenson emerged victorious from a seesaw battle with two-time defending champ Barbara Mettler of Switzerland.

For many in the race on the sidelines, the event is very much a family affair. Ruth Thalhofer, a 37-year Bend resident, waited to spot four family members in various race categories, including son Kerry and 15-year-old grandson Collin.

“It’s been kind of chaos at our house,” she said. “We have five tents in the back yard.”

Race co-founder Dave Sheldon said with a smile, “It’s been a lot of fun to see it grow.”

Up and running

They look young, but these spring foals are really more than 200 years old. Ancestrally speaking that is.

These youngsters are known as Trakenhers in their native Poland, where they are prize and show horses. Their roots extend back to the days of old-world Europe.

Indeed, Joyce Pedigro, who breeds the horses on her ranch at the corner of Horse Butte and Arnold Market Road, says Trakenhers are one of the oldest breeds in the world.

If that weren’t enough to put most folks family tree in shade, consider their father: a member of the U.S. Equestrian Olympic Team that Pedigro says has won championships at every level of dressage competition in the country.

Despite their high-brow breeding, the horses themselves are hardly snobs. Trainer Angie Piercy says the uncommonly friendly foals even run up to the fence to greet visitors — and get their long necks scratched.

And while the dangly-­legged youngsters may appear delicate, Pedigro says they are surprisingly strong, keen and adaptable. Most foals are on their feet only minutes after birth, and will be able to run around four or five hours later.

Their attentive mothers don’t let them run far, though. For the first two weeks, Pedigro says, mothers don’t allow foals to socialize with one another at all.

But Pedigro adds that the fussy mothers don’t mind visitors, who are always welcome to the ranch.

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