Yesteryear: Bend declares martial law in 1919


Compiled by the Deschutes County Historical Society from archived copies of the Bulletin at the Deschutes Historical Museum.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

August 3, 1919

Test made of new outlook

While lookouts on the Deschutes national forest were unable to locate fires yesterday afternoon because of the heavy smoke which has drifted across the Cascades from fires on the west side of the mountains, forest service men stationed at headquarters here were able to observe from the top of Awbrey Heights a blaze in the privately owned timber southwest of Lava butte.

County Fire Warden J. D. Bowman was sent out to the scene of the fire, and reported this morning that the flames were under control and had done but little real damage, although 40 acres were included in the fire area.

The point from which the blaze was seen is to be used by the forest service as a fire lookout, and the necessary preliminary surveys are now being made. A 50-foot tower will be erected in the near future, it is expected.

New phone rates 
in effect July 29

Effective July 29, an increase in the rates for phones installed in residences was announced this morning by J. L. Gaither, local manager. The increase on business phones became effective on May 1. For individual residence lines the rate is boosted from $2 to $2.75, on two party lines from $1.75 to $2.25, and on four party lines from $1.50 to $2. For desk phones 25 cents is added for each class of service.

Finds fossil shell 
in Hampton valley

To confirm the theory that Hampton valley is the bed of a lake which dried up years ago, J. Alton Thompson today exhibited a fossil shell which he found a few days ago four and one-half miles southeast of Brothers. He identifies it as a fresh water variety. The outer layer of the shell had been worn away, leaving the petrified body of the animal which inhabited it exposed.

House votes down 
soft drinks tax

WASHINGTON D.C. — The house today overwhelmingly voted the repeal of the 10 per cent tax on ice cream and soft drinks.

Peace treaty is considered

WASHINGTON D.C. — President Wilson is opposed to having the United States share in any indemnities paid by Germany, so Bernard Baruch, member of the economic commission of the peace conference, told the foreign relations committee of the senate today.

Putting into operation the principle first enunciated by President Wilson as one of his 14 peace points, of “open covenants of peace openly arrived at,” the committee smashed all precedents and considered the peace treaty at a session wide open to newspapermen and the general public.

Heretofore treaties have always been discussed in secret.

75 Years ago

For week ending

August 3, 1944

Redmond clinic 
being renovated

The interior of the Medical-Dental hospital is being redecorated this week and an air-cooling system is being installed. Only emergency and obstetrical cases will be received at the hospital, until the completion of this work, which it is expected will be early in August.

All card rooms in Bend closed by city action

The slapping of cards and the rattle of poker chips in “resorts” in Bend were ominously stilled today while mystery shrouded the closing of the places by official action.

Up and down Bond street it was freely discussed today, how police last night entered each place where devotees of the games of chance were wont to gather, and order stoppage of all playing. But explanation for the closing was not forthcoming from city officials, who would say no more than that “the places are closed.” It was estimated that at least ten places were under ban.

Players who were “on hand” when the closing orders were issued, said today that rumor had it the action was taken pending investigation of an asserted “gamblers’ combine.”

Indications that some sort of an organization existed among the gambling fraternity was said to have come from reports that operators had recently “chipped in” $50 each to “payoff” an elderly man who had been victimized in a poker game. Reports had it that $600 had been returned, and that the money was collected not only from Bend game operators, but also in Sisters and Redmond. This, it was pointed out, had a tendency to prove that a “combination” existed.

The old man several weeks ago had collected $900 from his lodge in insurance funds, and was promptly invited into a game. When the early morning hours came, the victim found himself in a private residence on the east side, minus his “stake.” Police arrested two of the players on charges of gambling, and each of them forfeited a $50 bond.

Like other city officials, Mayor A. T. Niebergall had no comment to make on the gambling matter or the closing of the games.

District attorney Charles Boardman, when asked today about the closing of the gambling resorts, said that he had no knowledge they had been closed, and added “since gambling is illegal in Oregon, they should be closed.”

Abbot declared surplus 
by U.S. war officials

Camp Abbot has been officially declared “surplus” by the war department, and will be disposed of by the federal surplus war property administration, according to a telegram received Monday by The Bulletin from U.S. Senator Guy Cordon. ­William ­Niskanen, president of the Bend chamber of commerce, received similar word from Representative Lowell Stockman.

Rep. Stockman added that any agency interested in acquiring use of Camp Abbot and the site may apply to the FSPA.

In recent weeks soldiers and war prisoners have been dismantling several buildings at Camp Abbot, shipping the lumber to Fort Lewis.

State to honor 
photogenic girl

Through the cooperation of radio stations of the state, a statewide quest for “Miss Oregon” is now being conducted by the Oregon war finance committee and the Miss Oregon committee, it was announced today.

All young women, single, between 18 and 26 who are photogenic and talented are eligible to enter. Each entrant must be able to either sing, play the violin or piano. The contest closes Sept. 1, and on or about the 15th of September the different girls chosen from the various counties of the state will be taken to Portland for a week at the expense of the Oregon War finance committee. Each will appear on the stage of the Paramount theater in Portland with Abe Bercovitz and his 20 piece orchestra, in a special radio program to be released over KGW.

The girl chosen finally from all entrants will be “Miss Oregon,” under the personal management of Carl Werner who made Carol Worth, Suzanne Burce, now Jane Powell of M-G-M, and Beverly Gross famous in radio and pictures.

The girl chosen from this area will be known as “Miss Deschutes County.” All young women interested in this opportunity, are asked to notify KBND, phone 848, in the Pilot Butte inn.


Yanks open Brittany gateway in new sensational advances — Dewey criticizes FDR depression — Turkey breaks with Germany — Soviet guns blast German soil — 15,000 workers out on strike

50 Years ago

For the week ending

August 3, 1969

New sign installed at Cascade Junior High School

The 1968-1969 ninth grade class sold magazine subscriptions to earn money for the sign. Costing $90, it is of redwood with routed letters. On hand for sign raising the other day were officers of outgoing class, Roger Barnes, president; Mark Noakes, treasurer; Ronda Patterson, Vice-president; and Therese Lopez, secretary. Formerly the home of Bend High School, the building has been used as a junior high since new high school was completed in 1955. It was the only junior high school until new Pilot Butte Junior High was occupied last year.

He launched first sailboat on Elk Lake 50 years ago

Ray Peoples, 79, remembers the day nearly 50 years ago when he launched his first sailboat, a personally-built, 16-foot inland lake scow, on the waters of Elk Lake.

Since that time, a number of other sailing enthusiasts, usually acquaintances of Peoples’, have established a small, year-round colony of sailboats at Elk Lake. The Elk Lake Yacht Club itself was born in 1925, and membership has stayed through the years at around 12 devoted sailboat owners.

Each summer Sunday afternoon about 2:30 p.m. a yacht race is staged on the lake, with members and visiting yachters participating. When they can get together, three generations of the Peoples family may be found cutting through the waters in a home-built product during one of the weekly races, probably leading the pack.

Elk Lake is the only permanent yachting area in Central Oregon, although some sailing activity may occasionally be found in the Klamath Falls area. Ray recalls one occasion when he was invited to a yacht race near Klamath Falls, and says that he won “going away.” He adds that he never received another invitation to return to Klamath Falls competitive sailing.

Ray’s son Phil owns a 40-foot fiberglass yacht and once each summer he and his father and assorted members of the Peoples crew make the 200-plus mile sail to Seattle and Puget Sound. Phil, his brother Sam and their two sets of children all inherited the sailing bug from Ray.

When he’s not out conquering the waves of Elk Lake, the eldest Peoples may be found showing younger members of the Bend Golf Club how it’s done. Peoples belongs to a breed of avid sportsmen and rugged individuals characteristic of earlier decades. And at 79 he’s still going strong.

25 Years ago

For the week ending

August 3, 1994

Ecotourism: It’s more about not damaging environment

Tour guide Dave Nissen pulled over his diesel van to snag a wayward paper bag and pop can from the middle of the road, then was back on his way into the Newberry National Volcanic Monument before you could say “ecotourism.”

“It drives me nuts,” said Nissen, 32, who started Central Oregon Wanderlust Tours this spring. “We’re always fishing beer cans out of the river.”

Nissen knows as well as anyone that the term “ecotourism” brings to mind tree-huggers expressing natural, unabashed ecological reverence while adorned in all-natural fibers. He prefers to call it “sustainable tourism,” but even that mouthful can be hard for some to swallow.

Stereotypes aside, a full-day trip, from the rock-strewn road up Paulina Peak to the cooling waters of Paulina Falls, makes it clear that Nissen not only loves to talk about Central Oregon’s history and geology, he knows what he’s talking about. “Chief Paulina was known as ‘Bullet-Proof Paulina’ because he survived so many wars,” Nissen told Joan Hathaway of Morgan Hill, Calif., near San Jose. Hathaway, her mother and mother-in-law were the only customers this day, so Nissen did not need the microphone he would use on two booked-up tours later in the week.

“It’s going well,” he said, munching on grapes he brought for the group and swatting away bugs that greet visitors as they ogle mountain-filled views from atop 7,984 Paulina Peak — the site, he said, of Oregon’s highest toilet.

“Ecotourism, to me, is a simple respect for the environment,” he said. “By no means are we out hugging trees.” The difference is that of a tour group that will be led on a walk through a forest’s brushy undergrowth, compared to one advised to stay on the trail to protect the vegetation and wildlife.

From the type of fish in Paulina Lake (rainbow and brown trout and kokanee salmon) to its depth (250 feet), or a question about roadside wildflowers, Nissen is ready to answer just about any query, while leaving moments of silent reflection to drink in the views.

Nissen plucked an occasional cigarette butt from the trail at Big Obsidian Flow, with its hills of black, shiny rock created by a massive eruption 1,300 years ago. Some nearby children picked up a ground squirrel and held him tightly, but Nissen held in his disdain until they were out of sight. “That little critter was scared out of his mind,” he said.

Snagging a shard of pretty obsidian is as lousy an idea as picking up the squirrels, to Nissen’s way of thinking. “There’s an old saying I like to pass along: Take only pictures, leave only memories,” he said.

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