Yesteryear: Bend declares martial law in 1919


Compiled by the Deschutes County Historical Society from archived copies of the Bulletin at the Deschutes Historical Museum.

100 years ago

For the week ending

Nov. 9, 1919

City to protect wild fowl

Keen interest in the suggestion made through the columns of The Bulletin last week for the establishment of a preserve for wildfowl on the Deschutes river, is being manifested by city authorities, and every effort will be made to see that birds are protected and encouraged to regard Bend as their home. The only city law which will assist in the working out of such a plan, during the open season, is the ordinance prohibiting shooting within the city limits, but this carries with it a maximum penalty of $100 fine, and Mayor Eastes declares that any persons shooting wild fowl in Bend in the future, will be given the limit. Chief of Police Nixon, on receiving instructions to pay particular attention to the enforcement of this law, solicited the cooperation of residents along the river bank. “With the limited force, in a town as large as Bend, it is particularly impossible to patrol the river,” he said, “but if those who are interested will let us know of any violations of the law, we will do the rest. It is important that this should be done, not only because it will help to establish a natural game preserve, but because safety demands that there should be no shooting in Bend. The population has grown to such an extent that the discharge of firearms is decidedly dangerous.” Mayor Eastes considers that Bend has a most excellent opportunity to add to its attractiveness by making it possible for birds to come here in safety. “It is a feature which should not be overlooked,” he said. “The same system is used in a number of towns in Canada with excellent results and I see no reason why we should ignore the chance offered at absolutely no cost to keep the wild birds within the city.”

Fast time is made 
on Burns-Bend trip

What is believed to be a new record for the trip from Burns to Bend, was established yesterday afternoon when A.M. Pringle, S.E. Roberts, and R.M. Smith made the 150 miles between the two cities in four hours and 50 minutes. Mr. Pringle was at the wheel, driving his Hupmobile.

Objectionable school books to be burned

Just as soon as the necessary arrangements can be made the Bend school board will consign to the flames a considerable quantity of text books formerly used in the schools, which contain passages of a pro-German character. This was the decision reached by the directors of district number one at their meeting last night. Approximately 3000 books furnished by the district in the past years are now rendered obsolete by the change of texts throughout the state, and all volumes considered objectionable in connection with America’s stand in world affairs, or otherwise worthiness, will be burned, while an effort will be made to find a market for the rest. It has been suggested that if possible, the date of the bonfire be set for Tuesday, Armistice Day.

Bend player leads 
UO to victory

When the University of Oregon football team took the University of Washington eleven into camp Saturday for the second time in 12 years, it was a Bend boy who captained the lemon-yellow team. Everett Brandenburg, son of L.A. Brandenburg, of this city, was in the game every minute, up to the middle of the last quarter, when he collapsed and was taken from the field. Before he was taken out, however, the score was sewed up for Oregon, and the final tally read 24-13 for the Eugene boys. Brandenburg is a half back, and starred locally before entering the University. Another of the stars of the game who is well known in Bend is “Skeet” Manerud, who replaced big Bill Steers at quarter after Steers had been hammered out of shape in the first half of the contest. Manerud spent the early spring and all summer in Bend, being employed at one of the local mills. He was with the Bend ball team, holding down an infield job. “Skeet” is a 128 pounder, one of the lightest quarters the Oregon team has ever had.

75 years ago

For the week ending 
Nov. 9, 1944

Bend’s United Service Organization shutters

Formal closing of the USO will occur this evening, with ceremonies to be highlighted by a plantation party for servicemen of Central Oregon and junior hostesses. A large number of men will be present from the Redmond air field. Music for the party will be provided by the Portland air base band, under the direction of Warrant Officer Clyde Owens, a floor show has been arranged for 10 p.m. Start of the program, featuring a formal dance, has been set for 8:30 tonight. The plantation party atmosphere is to be carried out through decorations reminiscent of pre Civil war days in the southland, and displayed will be one of the costumes worn by Scarlett O’Hara in the filming of “Gone With the Wind.” Junior hostesses will have a part in the program, and there will also be numbers by dance teams. At midnight there will be a grand march, lights will dim and a large candle-illuminated cake will blaze in the setting of trellis and flowers. Although the formal closing of the club has been set for tonight, the official closing will not occur until Sunday, and the building will be open that day.

4 Deschutes men reelected

Nominated by republicans and democratic at the spring primary and unopposed in yesterday’s general election, four candidates for major Deschutes county offices were formally re-elected in yesterday’s balloting and will succeed themselves in office at the start of 1945. The four men elected without opposition are Sheriff Claude L. McCauley, whose vote was apparently the largest cast for any of the candidates; Treasurer R. A. Gerguson, Coroner C.P. Niswonger and Commissioneer A.E. Stevens.

It is the first time in the history of the county that a single contest failed to develop for a general election. The number of votes cast for the four unopposed candidates will not be available until the canvass is completed, but in nearly all precincts the votes for the candidates approximated the total cast. Also unopposed at the general election, Captain Robert H. Foley received a large vote for Deschutes county district attorney. Charles Boardman is serving as district attorney in the absence of Captain Foley overseas with the armed forces. In district No. 1, J.H. Loomis was unopposed for constable and received a vote only slightly under the total cast in the precincts of his district.

Deschutes voters 
limit sale of wine

Voters of Deschutes county definitely expressed themselves against the sale of fortified wines in stores other than state controlled shops, it was indicated today by a tabulation of final returns from yesterday’s election. By a vote of 3,529 they overwhelmed the so-called “fortified wine bill”, it getting support from only 2,193 voters. At the same time the county voters indicated they favored a county managerial form of government, giving measure No. 302 a vote of 2,489 as against 2,043. Deschutes voters likewise expressed themselves firmly against added school funds, defeating the proposed constitutional amendment by 2,917 against 2,716. Results on the other measures voted on follow: Securing bank depositors, 3,163 yes, 1,490 no; war veterans fund, 2,648 yes, 2,339 no; voting privilege, 2,492 yes, 2,017 no; veterans education, 3,419 yes, 1,841 no; retail sales tax, 1,342 yes, 3,669 no; and the sixty at sixty, 2,716 yes, 2,931 no.

Large elk bagged 
by Bend woman

A five-point bull elk that dressed out to 640 pounds was downed with a single shot that broke his neck by Mrs. Jess Smith, 421 East Seward street, Sunday in the region between Lava Lake and Sparks. Mrs. Smith, an Oklahoman who has lived in Bend for the last eight years, took up shooting after coming here. Her husband, who also shoots, accompanied her on the Sunday hunting trip and assisted her in bringing her kill home. Smith has never killed an elk. He has never killed an antelope, either, although he helped Mrs. Smith bring one she killed home a couple of years ago.


First wartime presidential contest since 1864 reported attracting big vote in all parts of U.S. — Thanksgiving Day set for Nov. 23 — F.D.R. wins fourth term bid — Stalin gives views on how to keep peace — Bombers resume raids on Reich

50 years ago

For the week ending

Nov. 9, 1969

Veronica Ramsey voted queen of homecoming

Veronica Ramsey, Bend High School senior was crowned queen of the 1969 Homecoming activities by team captains Don Houk and Steve McClain at the Bend Baker football game Saturday at Bruin Field. Miss Ramsey is a member of the Pep Club, student council and drill team. Members of her court were Cindy Burgess, senior; Linda Komar, Cindy Spencer, juniors; Dori Kite, and Rhonda Frazier, sophomores. Queen Veronica and her court were chosen by popular vote by the student body last week. Halftime activities included a special queen’s salute by the Bruin Band and drill Team. Bend students paraded through downtown Bend Saturday morning. The senior class packed off first prize in the float competition and the junior and sophomore class followed respectively. The senior float depicted the Bears whipping the Baker Bulldogs. In reality, however, Baker whipped Bend 30-16.

Making willow baskets required only a knife for elderly John Stenkamp

John G. Stenkamp made willow baskets right up to the day he suffered a stroke, a year and a half ago. He brought the skill with him from Germany, when he came to America in 1912 at the age of 24. He doesn’t know how many baskets he has made through the years, but hundreds of them are still being used to tote a potluck to church suppers, or sewing to the ladies’ aid, or for gathering flowers and vegetables on a sunny day. An assortment of his baskets will be available at the annual senior citizens’ bazaar sponsored by the Bend Altrusa Club. It will be Friday and Saturday at the American Music Co., 845 Wall St. Hours will be from 1 to 9 p.m. Friday, and from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Saturday. In addition to the handmade willow baskets, there will be a variety of articles including aprons, pictures, embroidery work and knit garments. The craftsmen price their own work, and receive the entire proceeds. Stenkamp’s baskets are a traditional design from the Westphalia area in West Germany, where he was born. In a family of 12 children, he and several of the other eight boys made the baskets for recreation and to help supplement the family income. “You certainly couldn’t make a living at it,” he laughed. “But sometimes, the money from a few sales came in might handy. Especially in the Depression years, when it was pretty tough going.” He worked at local sawmills until he retired 10 years ago, and making the baskets was a pleasant hobby to occupy the long winter evenings. Gathering the willows from stream and river banks was a time-consuming task. He collected seven different kinds of willows, to give the finished products interesting color variations. When all the materials were ready, a medium-­sized basket could be completed in a day, if all went well. An ordinary pocket knife was the only tool required.

Mrs. Stenkamp has hoarded the last of the baskets lovingly, almost hating to part with them. “But we can’t keep them all,” she explains, “and our own five children have all they can use.” There’s one tiny basket, however, that won’t go on sale. It is being put away, “just in case there’s another grandchild.”

25 years ago

For the week ending

Nov. 9, 1994

It’s crunch time in 
Bend-LaPine talks

Tomorrow morning, nearly 600 Bend-LaPine teachers will head to their classrooms.

They could, after 16 months of failed bargaining, be celebrating a new contract. Or, they could be stepping up plans to walk out.

Tonight will be crucial in the Bend-LaPine School District. District negotiators joke about bringing pillows to the last-ditch mediation session, which kicks off at 6:30 p.m.; they say they’ll stay all night to reach agreement.

But that has been said before, to no avail.

A third party’ recommendations, aimed at bringing the sides together, has instead divided them further. The union is hurling threats and emotions are running high on both sides. For some, it has become personal.

The Bend-LaPine School District is closer to a strike than any other district in the state, according to Bruce Adams, president of the Oregon Education Association, the statewide union for teachers.

This week, the OEA sent reinforcements to Bend. Two full-time staff members from Tigard, a communications director and a staff coordinator, now work out of a local crisis headquarters. The Redmond Education Association, having just settled with its district, also has sent someone over to help.

Parents, students and the community have started to take notice. Many are confused by the claims.

The school board says it can’t afford the 3.3 and 3.75 percent pay increases recommended by a fact-finder and accepted by teachers.

The fact-finder’s settlement recommendations would cost about $2.6 million this year, according to the district. Even if it used all of its reserve funds — about $1.2 million, by its estimate — about $1.4 million would have to come from cuts. Even then, the district would be running without any contingency money for this year or start-up carryover for next year.

The union insists the funds are there and the board should be willing to make some cuts in order to settle.

Many in the community say they’re counting on the Bend Chamber of Commerce, which has organized a team to analyze the budget. But the bank executive and pair of CPAs assigned to the task say they’ve been deluged with so much data they won’t be able to release their findings in time for tonight’s meeting, as promised.

The chamber team, coming under intense pressure, hopes an agreement tonight will render its high-profile study unnecessary. So do parents, who are starting to worry about daycare arrangements and the impact a walkout could have on their children’s education.

A strike could turn 11,000 students out of school. It could come as early as the end of the thanksgiving holiday. There has never been a teacher walkout in Bend. The only strike in Central Oregon came in November 1977 in Redmond.

“It’s extremely stressful for all of said school board member Jan LaChapelle, “The last thing we want is a strike.”

Some Bend-LaPine parents are disappointed with both sides for letting their differences go so far.

When the very adults hurling threats and refusing to compromise are the ones set up as their role models, “what kind of message are we sending our children?” asked parent Nancy Fine.

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