Yesteryear: Bend declares martial law in 1919


Compiled by the Deschutes County Historical Society from archived copies of the Bulletin at the Deschutes Historical Museum.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

July 27, 1919

Fire truck to be ready soon

Bend’s new fire truck arrived early this morning, and by the middle of next week should be in operation, Chief Tom Carlon declared today. He has wired to A. G. Long, of whom the equipment was purchased, asking that an expert be sent to Bend at once to set up and test the machine as a preliminary to acceptance, and expects that a man will be here by Monday.

In the meantime, rapid progress is being made on the new building which will house the city’s fire fighting equipment. The jail on Minnesota avenue has been moved to the rear of the city lot, and today brick masons, working at top speed, were well advanced toward the completion of the first story of the fire house. It is believed that the structure will be completed well within the time limit set by the city council.

The building is to be furnished by the volunteer fire department, Chief Carlon says, and half of the $1000 which will probably be required for this purpose is already available.

Sheviln-Hixon gets 
a new locomotive

A new 90-ton Baldwin locomotive was received by The Shevlin-Hixon Company yesterday for use on its new logging road and to aid in eliminating night work in log hauling.

Home-brewed beer strong

War-time prohibition meant nothing in the lives of Fred Flabon, Martin Halverson and Olaf Foti, local mill workers, for when the supply of intoxicants was shut off they brewed beer with a wonderful “kick.” It was shortly after they had thoroughly tested the stimulating properties of their home-made beverage that they were found by Chief of Police L. A. W. Nixon at their home on Shasta place, and transferred to the city jail for the night.

This morning all three pleaded guilty to the charge of drunkenness and disorderly conduct, and were fined $10 each by Police Judge Peoples. Halverson paid $8 of the amount, and the trio promised to have the balance by this evening.

G.P. Putnam sells 
business corner

Announcement was made today of the purchase by T. H. Foley and R. W. Sawyer of the property at the corner of Wall and Franklin streets. G. P. Putnam being the grantor. One and a half lots are included in the purchase. The Bulletin building occupying the rear portion along the alley, and the building containing the offices of the Bend Water, Light & Power company a part of the front.

Sage hens found 
in large numbers

Although earlier in the season sage hens were reported to be almost a minus quantity this year, the statement of hunters who returned last night from trips into the High Desert country showed that there were just as many of the big game birds as in any preceding year.

A number of Bend sportsmen got the limit without difficulty yesterday, and said that there are plenty of young birds to be had.

Probably the best hunting available was in the vicinity of Wagon Tire mountain, in Harney county, young sage hens being so numerous and tame that the element of sport was almost eliminated.

75 Years ago

For week ending

July 27, 1944

Undersea sailor 
ends Bend visit

Ending a month’s leave on which his major “mission” was to visit his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Wetle, and angle for trout in the Deschutes country, Bob Wetle, electrician’s mate 2/d, today was to start on the first lap of a journey that will take him back to the far Pacific, to “fish” for Japanese ships. He will again serve as a member of a submarine crew.

For the past year and a half Bob has been angling for Japanese in the western Pacific, and it is known that his submarine and its highly trained crew ware highly successful. A combat pin and star worn by the Bend sailor testify to the action he has seen in the Pacific — action about which he will only guardedly speak.

Ty Cobb to hunt 
deer in Midstate

Ty Cobb, “Georgia Peach” of baseball fame, is coming into Central Oregon this fall on another deer hunting trip, Thomas H. McClure, Bend man just back from Alaska, reported here today, following a meeting with Cobb in Seattle, Wash. Cobb will be here about Sept. 20, and hopes to make arrangement for the outing with Faye Hubbard. McClure has been a Cobb “fan” since olden days, when the famous “Peach” was in big leagues and McClure was a resident of New York.

On his most recent trip north, McClure spent 10 months in Alaska, at Haines, Skagway and other points. He is on a 30-day leave from the northland, and this summer plans to do some work on Central Oregon farms, to absorb some sunshine and breathe fresh air, he mentioned. Last year, McClure came out of Alaska just in time to attend the Deschutes county fair.

Alaska, McClure added, is a busy place in these war days.

Bend girl spots 
‘sparky’ meteor

Ten-year-old Dolores DeDual, 168 East Irving, was among Bend residents who observed the “rocket meteor” of Tuesday night, it was learned here today. Dolores was in bed, looking out of the window at the stars, when the flaming object, reddish in color, flashed down the western sky close to the moon. The fireball was moving fast, Dolores said, and it left a trail of sparks. She believes the meteor disappeared behind the Cascades.

So big was the meteor Dolores first thought it was the moon — then she realized that the moon wouldn’t be in such a great hurry to get behind the western mountains.

Lawn cuttings tossed 
in river violate rules

The practice of residents in throwing lawn cuttings into the Deschutes river today was criticized by City Manager C. G. Reiter, who warned that a city ordinance forbids such an act. Reiter said that irrigationists along the canals have complained about the grass fouling their ditches with weed seeds, and screens at the Pacific Power & Light company’s generating plant have been clogged.

Reiter at the same time said that an ordinance requires residents to trim trees and shrubbery in such a manner that it does not hang too low over sidewalks and streets. He urged that the low-hanging branches be removed before another rain, and thus spare pedestrians an added drenching from the wet limbs.


FDR on visit to West Coast — New method kills threat of meningitis — 6000 acre fire burns in Gorge — Troops land on Guam — Allies score big gains in Normandy offensive

50 Years ago

For the week ending

July 27, 1969

La Pine smokehaus features locally processed sausage

Grandpa’s Kountry Smokehaus was opened here recently by Mr. and Mrs. Gordon W. Henderson.

The business features locally processed sausage and includes a restaurant.

Henderson and his wife Helen came to La Pine from Kendall, Wash., where they owned and operated a grocery store and sausage kitchen.

He has been in the sausage business for 30 years. Many of his recipes are of a German origin.

The sausage is processed with a Schnell chopper and then is specially cooled and cured. The operation includes a spice room, where Henderson has a wide variety of seasonings used in the sausage-making process.

Along with the sausage, the Hendersons, in their restaurant operation, serve a selection of Germany style foods, including the Hendersons’ own “wunderwurst.” Sandwich loaves are included along with the many kinds of sausage.

The Hendersons report they plan additional Grandpa’s Kountry Smokehauses, with Texas and Minnesota being considered as possible locations.

Fellows, that cave was found about 12 years ago!

Central Oregon’s caverns of mystery, the Charcoal Cave group some 12 miles south of Bend, are again in the limelight as the result of a claim by some Portland spelunkers of the discovery of another cave holding a mass of burned wood.

So certain were the Portlanders that a new cave had been found that it was given a name, “Pictograph Cave,” and the story of its “discovery” was offered to a Portland television station under a proposed copyright. It was reported that the cave is about a mile and a half in length, and that some fine pictographs cover smooth faces of basaltic rocks near the entrance.

But two Bend men, Jack Ensworth, instructor in a local school, and Bob Greenlee, cavern explorer, say “Pictograph Cave” was discovered from the air some 12 years ago. The discovery was made by Wendell Stout and Ensworth. Stout referred to the new cave as “Ensworth Cave,” and Ensworth called it “Stout Cave.”

Stout and Ensworth, on their discovery flight, spotted some dark spots in the terrain in the Arnold Ice Cave area when flying at a low elevation. On a ground trip, they explored the cave that has been given Stout’s name. They found the pictographs, and estimated that the cave is about a half mile long.

The cave was described as a typical lava river tunnel. Its subway-like interior was described as impressive. Over a period of years, Ensworth took members of his Kenwood School science classes to the caves, for study and exploration.

Greenlee, in a careful exploration of the cave found a great mass of charcoal that had been burned from wood carried into the rock-walled cavern. This discovery identified the new cavern as one of a group in the Arnold Ice Cave-Wind Cave group that in earlier years yielded charcoal and pieces of lodgepole pine that had been cut with stone axes.

Cavern No. 1 of the group was named Charcoal Cave, and received national attention in science circles when Dr. L. S. Cressman, then head of the department of anthropology at the University of Oregon, studied the lava tunnel and reported that the partly-burned lodgepole pines had been cut with “axes” probably made of obsidian. The small trees had been carried into the cave, then set afire.

A cross-dating of rings revealed that one piece of charred wood was from a tree that was growing about 1370, more than 100 years before America was discovered. This wood had been cut with a stone axe.

There was evidence that the lodgepole pines had been cut from the adjacent forest, tossed over a lava brink into the cave, then carried into an inner chamber over a steep and rough trail.

The entire floor of the habitable portion of the cave was covered with charcoal to a depth of from 10 to 16 inches.

“Why was the wood burned in the cave?” Dr. Cressman asked the question, but did not have the answer. But he advanced some guesses: The cave was used in ceremonial observances by ancient tribesmen; the cave was used long ago by fire builders; wood was carried into the cave and burned to melt ice.

“It is difficult to imagine a condition that would give rise to the necessity of maintaining this camp and water supply at a cost of so much labor,” Dr. Cressman said. He noted that good water was available in springs only a few miles distant.

The archaeological puzzle remains unsolved, but there seems little doubt “Pictograph Cave” is not a new discovery.

25 Years ago

For the week ending

July 27, 1994

Facelift planned 
as Crane fire ebbs

Efforts to undo some of the damage brought by a fire near Crane Prairie Reservoir will begin even before the smoke clears.

Logs will be laid and ditches will be cut across fire lines to stop erosion where bulldozers tore up the ground in their battle with the fire. By fall, grass and maybe some pine seedlings will be planted in the scorched earth.

A team of foresters, biologists, soil scientists and others inspected the burned areas north of Crane Prairie Sunday evening as the fire smoldered nearby.

Their task was to figure out how much damage the fire did and what it will take to rehabilitate the popular fishing and camping area, said Chuck Vickery, assistant fire management officer for the Forest Service’s Bend Ranger District.

Vickery estimated that about 60 percent of the area is severely burned and may require salvage logging and replanting. After completing a plan to repair the most pressing damage, the team will work on a long-range restoration plan with work expected to begin in the fall.

With campgrounds and the resort now safe from flames, their biggest concern was for a vital elk winter range area on the northeast side of the lake.

“There’s some real critical elk habitat out there,” Vickery said. “We didn’t lose it all, but we lost a good piece of it.”

Elk have long used a dense thicket bordering a meadow north of the lake to hide in by day during the winter. Stephen George, a state wildlife biologist said elk also use it in the spring for calving and deer use it during the summer.

Vickery said it is too early to tell what exactly is needed to restore the area, but suspects some grass and tree planting will be necessary. Provided the fire didn’t destroy too much elk cover, George said, the fire may actually benefit the animals in the long run by spurring new growth for forage.

Birds may also benefit from the fire in the long run. Although the fire burned into an osprey and eagle nesting area, it didn’t destroy any nesting trees. The result is a more open forest with more dead trees – conditions osprey prefer. Christ Carey, a non-game biologist for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, expects the fire will be a boon for other birds as well. Insects usually invade a burned area to feed on the dead and dying trees. Woodpeckers and other insect-eaters will quickly follow.

‘McKenna’ casting 
gets hot response

Question: What can make more than 400 men, women and children stand in line for up to two hours on the hottest day of the summer?

Answer: Hollywood.

A line of star-struck locals stretched around the Bend High School auditorium Thursday morning, where producers took applications to cast extras for “McKenna,” the ABC adventure series which will be filmed throughout Central Oregon during the next five months.

Some locals at the casting call wanted to share their outdoor talents so they could be used in adventure shots.

Vicki Vanyo, a Bend river guide, said her 10 years of whitewater rafting experience is just what the show needs.

“I think I’d be pretty good,” Vanyo said.

Others tried to show they were everyday people for everyday scenes.

“I know about beer,” said Ed Hanna of Bend. “I could be in the local bar scene.”

Like most aspiring actors and actresses at the casting call, Hannah said he is excited about the chance to appear on television. Except for a role in an elementary school play, he doesn’t have any acting experience. He is ready to try something new.

“It’s probably the silliest thing I’ve ever done,” he said.

Joan Shultz of Sisters said she wants to be an extra so she can learn more about the television industry.

“I like to learn new things,” she said. “I don’t know how a television series is made.”

Curiosity also got the better of John Hadlock and his construction co-workers.

“We kind of came here to hang out,” Hadlock said. “Maybe we’ll get a part and maybe not.”

The Bend casting call was a far cry from a Hollywood audition. Prospective extras turned in their applications and photos and left.

Julie Meglasson, extras coordinator, said locals may be needed as soon as next week. The show will use about 75 extras per episode, she said. “

It totally depends on the requirements of the script,” Meglasson said. “I hope we can use everybody.”

A job as an extra is not glamorous. Extras work 12-hour days for $5 an hour and never get speaking parts. Sometimes they get only a day’s notice of the job.

But for some prospective extras, the possibility of seeing themselves on television makes the tedious hours worthwhile.

“It just seems neat that you can be a television show,” said 9-year-old Rachel Kamna.

Those who missed Thursday’s casting can still have a shot at Hollywood. Meglasson said applications are available at the Bend Chamber of Commerce. Applications will be accepted until the show is through filming, she said.

(0) comments

Welcome to the discussion.

Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
Don't Threaten. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated.
Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.