By Laura Daily

Special to The Washington Post

No home is completely safe from disasters. Although many of us are prepared with emergency supplies or plans to evacuate to safer locales, only 44 percent of homeowners have inventoried their belongings.

That’s why a home inventory is important. In the event of a claim, insurers require you to substantiate your loss.

“The last thing most of us want to do is spend a weekend documenting all our stuff. But almost as heartbreaking as losing a home to a disaster is trying to re-create a home inventory after the fact,” says Carole Walker, executive director of the Rocky Mountain Insurance Information Association.

Before starting your inventory, contact your insurance agent. Ask what documentation is required should you need to file a claim.

According to Michael Grimes, a spokesman for State Farm insurance, the likely answer is a detailed inventory list, along with receipts, serial numbers, descriptions and photos. Anything without a specific market value, such as art, jewelry or collectibles, should be independently appraised.

Technology can help. Check whether your insurer offers any software or smartphone apps to help the process. Allstate and Liberty Mutual have apps that let you create an inventory of your personal property. The Allstate Digital Locker allows you to store your inventory in the cloud. State Farm has a home inventory checklist to download.

Now get organized. Dig out every receipt you can. Locate the make, model and serial numbers for appliances and electronics.

If you purchased that refrigerator 10 years ago during a Black Friday sale and tossed the receipt, it’s OK. Open the door and look inside for a plate with the identifying information. Note the data or snap a picture of it.

Take items out of boxes. Open drawers and cabinets and pull out anything on back shelves. Remove garments from dry cleaning bags. Open blinds and curtains so spaces are well lit for photographing. Remember your attic, basement and garage.

Proceed room by room. The quickest method is to make a video. Stand in the center of a room and narrate as you record. Film the entire space, including every wall, the ceiling and floor. Describe every item and feature to the best of your ability.

Little things add up. Photograph the inside of your medicine cabinet and arrange your bed so you can see the various components — box spring, mattress, linens and pillows. Count your dishes and silverware.

“You don’t have to itemize every piece of clothing, but take a photo of each shelf or section of your closet and count your shoes, ties or purses,” says Susan Kousek, a certified professional organizer in Reston, Virginia.

A spreadsheet supplemented with photos and receipts works too. Make a folder or page in your spreadsheet for each room — kitchen, bedroom, dining room, etc. Find a friend willing to help.

As you walk the space, dictate a description of each item, the purchase date and how much it cost, and have your inventory partner put it on the sheet.

If you’re more comfortable with a smartphone, consider using one of the aforementioned home inventory apps, which allow you to list each item and attach a photo and supporting documentation such as receipts.

Kousek likes HomeZada ($59/year) because it works on your desktop and phone, and comes with an array of features such as the ability to upload multiple items at one time.

Other popular apps include Sortly, Memento Database and Nest Egg. Basic versions are free, but to get the full features expect to pay a monthly or annual fee.

Most offer a free trial period, and Kousek suggests you test different apps to find the one you like best.

Regardless of which you choose, make sure you can export the data as a spreadsheet or PDF, in case your phone is lost or damaged or the software expires.

Don’t worry about completing your inventory in one day; you can spread the task over a period of time.

Once most of your household items are documented, you’ll find it easier to add purchases as required.

If you haven’t already, now is the time to get into the habit of digitizing receipts (there are apps for that as well) and/or having retailers email you receipts.

Kousek sorts receipts on her computer into folders labeled by year for easy reference.

If you don’t have time to perform a home inventory, consider hiring a professional organizer. Expect to stick around at least part of the time.

Once it’s finished, don’t let your inventory become part of the loss. The most complete home inventory is worthless if you can’t get to it. Store it in the cloud, iCloud, Dropbox, OneDrive, etc.

At a minimum, copy your files and any videos to a flash drive and give it to a friend or relative in another town, store it in a safe-deposit box, or email the file to yourself.

Even if you never need to file a claim, a home inventory pays. According to Walker, most homeowners are underinsured. A complete home inventory can help you purchase the right amount of insurance.

And should the worst happen, you’ll be able to focus your energies on rebuilding your life rather than on arguing with an insurance company about whether your art deco sideboard was an antique or a 21st-century knockoff.

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