Compiled by the Deschutes County Historical Society from archived copies of the Bulletin at the Deschutes Historical Museum.

100 Years ago

For the week ending

Aug. 24, 1919

Pine tree lumber mill and planer destroyed by fire; loss valued at $100,000

Fire starting at 6 o’clock last night at the Pine Tree Lumber Co. mill, nine miles from Bend, destroyed the mill and planer, valued by A.J. Kroenert, principal stockholder in the company, at $100,000. Of this, only $20,000 is covered by insurance, he said this morning. The lumber yard, with approximately 4,000,000 feet of lumber, worth approximately $30,000, and the mill pond dam were saved through the efforts of the Bend fire department and a bucket brigade of mill employes. In addition to the loss at the plant, close to 100,000 feet of lumber in the planer was destroyed, no insurance whatever covering this item.

A hot box, close to the “hog,” which grinds up lumber-waste as fuel for the operation of the plant, started the conflagration, Mr. Kroenert said. The alarm was given by Mrs. H. Mullins, wife of the mill foreman, who saw the flames as the employes of the plant were seated at the table for supper. As they rushed out, almost the entire interior of the mill was seen to be on fire.

An attempt was immediately made to call Bend by phone, but the wires were already down as the result of the fire, and only after a six-mile trip toward Tumalo could connections be made. Then the alarm was phoned to Fred N. Wallace from a farmhouse, and relayed by him to Bend. On the direction of Mayor J.A. Eastes, the new city fire truck was dispatched at 7:30 to the scene of the conflagration, in charge of Fire Chief Tom Carlon, and with a force of 10 men accompanying it. The trip out was made in 45 minutes.

Tumalo fair dates are set; livestock to be featured

October 5 and 6 are the dates set for the annual West Side Agricultural Fair, to be held in Tumalo.

With a better year, with more farmers producing more and better crops, with livestock they are happy to display, the farmers are looking keenly forward to something in the nature of a real treat for Central Oregon lovers of fine livestock, vegetables, grains, grasses, foods and needle work.

The livestock of the county will come into its own at this year’s exhibit. For the first time there has been set aside a separate department for the exhibition of purebred livestock. With greater interest in the last year in the improvement of their herds the farmers are anxious to display what can be done with purebred stock as opposed to scrub stock. It is expected that there will be more than 35 exhibitors of purebred livestock, in which event this will be the largest display of livestock ever shown in Deschutes county.

Portland now a world port

With the sailing of the steel steamer Eelbeck from this port today, Portland’s participation in direct European maritime trade became an actuality, for the first time in the history of the port.

The Eelbeck was loaded to capacity with goods and materials representing the industries of Oregon, which are destined for London and Liverpool. Other vessels are expected to be assigned for similar service out of Portland in the near future.

75 Years ago

For the week ending

Aug. 24, 1944

Huckleberries not ripe, says Forest Service

Huckleberry pickers who planned to spend this weekend in search of the berries in the Cascades today were advised by the Bend offices of the Deschutes National forest to postpone their trip for another week. Reports reaching the forestry officers here were to the effect that berries are not yet ripe in the places most accessible from Bend, and will not be for perhaps another week.

A sizable amount of the berries are in the Hogg Rock and Iron mountain districts, but they are not ripe.

Officials of the Willamette National forest told local forest officials that efforts are being made to open certain closures on the western slopes of the Cascades, and that they are of the opinion that this might be accomplished by the time the berries are ripe.

The local forest service offices lacked definite information on the closures and berry conditions in the Mt. Hood country, except that the berries are ripe there now. They advised that persons from Central Oregon planning to go there this week-end inquire at forest ranger or guard stations about the open territories, and where camping will be permitted.

City launches aquatic harvest of pond weeds

The under water task of mowing the bottom of Mirror Pond got under way today, with street department employes estimating it will take them more than a week to cut the bountiful “crop” of aquatic weeds.

Mounting a power mower on a small boat, the workmen started the under water cutting at the Tumalo avenue bridge, and planned to continue until they reach the power dam below Newport avenue. The weeds are allowed to float down stream when they are cut, and are pushed over the dam as they congregate there.

Madras looms as city of budding population

An increase in local population of at least 1,000 persons within the next year was predicted today by Madras business men who based their judgment upon the up to date sales of property in the 20,000 acre irrigation project to the south of town.

Already 131 pieces of acreage, ranging from 40-160 acres have been reported sold as the bureau of reclamation employes and private contractors raced to bring Deschutes water to the lands by next spring.

While there are only 131 pieces of farm land recorded, those familiar with the census taking procedure estimate 3.2 persons to a family. This would mean nearly 500 residents alone on the farm land and economists consider it would require an equal number of persons in a supporting role in the shopping center of Madras.

A check of the list of 131 buyers show that the future of the returned war veteran has not been overlooked as several of the larger farm sites have been purchased by relatives for the use of their “soldier boy” when he comes home.

The majority of the would-be Jefferson county farmers, desirous of settling on the newly irrigated “Utopian Empire” are Oregonians now residing west of the Cascades. These Oregonians total 73 and in making their investments in the irrigation project have told the sellers of the land that they are anxious to escape Oregon’s “wet belt”, and come to a country where the “moisture is confined to ditches”.

Farmers of Idaho rank next in the purchases of land on the 20,000 acre plot, 45 of them having already negotiated for from 40 to 80 acre tracts. Eight of the buyers were Californians, one a Washington rancher and four others are from Madras, Culver and Terrebonne.

Headlines

FDR proposes year of federal service for boys after war — Nazi line collapsing; big guns hit Toulon defenses — French patriots liberate Paris — Bob Hamilton upsets Nelson for PGA crown

50 Years ago

For the week ending

Aug. 24, 1969

At Warm Springs Conference, youth told to keep identity

At Warm Springs Conference Larry Calica, a Warm Springs Indian student told approximately 150 Indian youth from six western states meeting here that they must “not lose their Indianness.”

“Indian culture is more than buckskin and beads,” Calica told the audience of the Second Northwest Indian Youth Conference Wednesday. He called on parents to “listen, understand and help” and told students to “prepare for your life — get something done. Get to work.”

Following. Calica’s opening talks, the youths divided into four discussions groups to consider several questions: What is “thinking Indian?” Are the schools educating the Indian out of you? What do we want for our reservation? Where do we start? Do we have the right attitude to succeed?

Much time was devoted to discussing the Indian trait of sharing among families and tribesmen. Calica said, “Our families used to be 50 or more, not just those in our house. You can have all the money, houses and cars you want, but if your heart is empty, what good are they? What’s missing?” he asked.

A majority of the Indian youths voiced the desire to get an education then return to the reservation to help their people. Many said they wanted Indians to make the necessary changes on the reservation. One girl said, “Non-Indians have taken over a large part of the control of reservations because we haven’t been interested and don’t move forward. We have the potential to do things for ourselves and we must use it.”

25 Years ago

For the week ending

Aug. 24, 1994

Rademacher House faces one last hurdle

A happy ending is finally near for a yearlong restoration of the 86-year-old Allen-Rademacher House, beside Mirror Pond. A gala grand opening is now expected in late September, said Kris Rees, project director.

The last big hurdle should be cleared August 27, when stonemasons Ken Lawson and Mark Wirges lead other volunteers in an all-day “rock party,” putting in the final rock work on the 86-year-old house’s front porch.

The Central Oregon Arts Association, which will operate the Mirror Pond Gallery, will provide food for the latest in a long list of volunteers to donate their time and energy to the house.

Meanwhile, members of the Central Oregon Landscape Association have agreed to create a garden on the Brooks Street side of the house. Rees said they are donating the design, sprinkler system, materials and planting. The “view garden” will be surrounded by a protective wrought-iron fence, she said.

It’s been two years since city commissioners agreed to save the house from demolition, and a year since it was moved about 60 feet during the Riverfront Connection plaza project.

Oregon Nobel winner dies

SAN FRANCISCO — Two-time Nobel laureate Linus Pauling charted the chemical underpinnings of life itself, worked for nuclear peace and helped start America’s health craze by touting the benefits of vitamin C.

This 20th-century Renaissance man in a floppy beret was also “the greatest of teachers … a fantastic showman,” one colleague fondly recalled Saturday.

The Portland, Ore., native died Friday at the age of 93 at his home in Big Sur, 110 miles south of San Francisco. A son and daughter were with him, said Stephen Lawson of the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine at Pablo Alto.

An advocate of vitamin C as a life extender, Pauling had maintained a vigorous schedule until recent months when the prostate cancer diagnosed in 1991 began to take a toll, said Dorothy Munro, a spokeswoman for the Pauling Institute.

“It may be that my vitamin C put the cancer off by 20 years,” he once said. He took 18,000 milligrams of vitamin C a day; the federally recommendation daily allowance for adults is 60 milligrams.

He is the only person to win two unshared Nobel Prizes — first in chemistry and later the Nobel Peace Prize for his work for nuclear disarmament.

He won his first Nobel Prize in 1954 for his research on the nature of the chemical bond that holds molecules together and its use in understanding the structure of complex compounds.

Pauling’s 1958 book “No More War” was a plea for international peace; that year he presented a petition to the United Nations opposing nuclear weapons tests, a document signed by more than 11,000 scientists worldwide.

On October 10, 1963, the effective date for the U.S.-Soviet test ban treaty, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for peace.

Pauling attended high school in Condon, Ore., and graduated in 1922 from Oregon State University, then called Oregon Agricultural College.

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