New York Times News Service

SAN FRANCISCO — In November, the Commerce Department released a list of technologies, including artificial intelligence, that are under consideration for new export rules because of their importance to national security.

Technology experts worry that blocking the export of AI to other countries, or tying it up in red tape, will help AI industries flourish in those nations — China, in particular — and compete with U.S. companies.

The export controls are being considered as the United States and China engage in a trade war.

Tech companies, academics and policymakers are calling on the Commerce Department to take a light hand with AI export rules before a Jan. 10 deadline for public comment. Their argument is restrictions could harm companies in the U.S., help international competitors and stifle technology improvements.