— From wire reports

Composer John Kander is 91. Country singer Charley Pride is 84. Nobel peace laureate and former South African president F.W. de Klerk is 82. Actor Brad Dourif is 68. Jazz musician Bill Frisell is 67. Movie writer-director Luc Besson is 59. Singer-songwriter James McMurtry is 56. Singer-actress Vanessa L. Williams is 55. Olympic gold medal speedskater Bonnie Blair is 54. Rock musician Jerry Cantrell (Alice in Chains) is 52. Rapper-actress-talk show host Queen Latifah is 48. Former White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus is 46. Actor-comedian Dane Cook is 46. Actress-singer-dancer Sutton Foster is 43. Rock singer Adam Levine (Maroon 5) is 39. Olympic gold medal figure skater Alexei Yagudin is 38. Actress Lily Collins is 29.

Highlight: In 1963, the Supreme Court, in Gideon v. Wainwright, ruled unanimously that state courts were required to provide legal counsel to criminal defendants who could not afford to hire an attorney on their own.

In 1766, Britain repealed the Stamp Act of 1765.

In 1837, the 22nd and 24th president of the United States, Grover Cleveland, was born in Caldwell, New Jersey.

In 1925, the Tri-State Tornado struck southeastern Missouri, southern Illinois and southwestern Indiana, resulting in some 700 deaths.

In 1937, in America’s worst school disaster, nearly 300 people, most of them children, were killed in a natural gas explosion at the New London Consolidated School in Rusk County, Texas.

In 1940, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met at the Brenner Pass, where the Italian dictator agreed to join Germany’s war against France and Britain.

In 1959, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. (Hawaii became a state on Aug. 21, 1959.)

In 1962, France and Algerian rebels signed the Evian Accords, a cease-fire agreement which took effect the next day, ending the Algerian War.

In 1965, the first spacewalk took place as Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov went outside his Voskhod 2 capsule, secured by a tether.

In 1974, most of the Arab oil-producing nations ended their 5-month-old embargo against the United States that had been sparked by American support for Israel in the Yom Kippur War.

In 1980, Frank Gotti, the 12-year-old youngest son of mobster John Gotti, was struck and killed by a car driven by John Favara, a neighbor in Queens, New York. The following July, Favara vanished, the apparent victim of a gang hit.

In 1990, thieves made off with 13 works of art from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston (the crime remains unsolved).

Ten years ago: Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama confronted America’s racial divide head-on with a speech in Philadelphia in which he urged the nation to break “a racial stalemate we’ve been stuck in for years.”

Five years ago: Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton announced her support for gay marriage in an online video released by the gay rights advocacy group Human Rights Campaign.

One year ago: Chuck Berry, rock ’n’ roll’s founding guitar hero and storyteller who defined the music’s joy and rebellion in such classics as “Johnny B. Goode,” “Sweet Little Sixteen” and “Roll Over Beethoven,” died at his home west of St. Louis at 90.

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