Today

Highlights: In 1914, transcontinental telephone service in the U.S. began with the first test phone conversation between New York and San Francisco. In 1921, Adolf Hitler became the leader (“fuehrer”) of the National Socialist German Workers Party. In 1948, Britain’s King George VI opened the Olympic Games in London. In 1958, President Dwight Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, creating NASA.

Ten years ago: A visibly exhausted Pope John Paul II greeted thousands of Roman Catholic faithful as he arrived in Guatemala City. An Amtrak train derailed outside Washington, D.C., injuring more than 100 people.

Five years ago: Cal Ripken Jr. and Tony Gwynn took their places in the Baseball Hall of Fame. Tens of thousands of Iraqis celebrated after Iraq beat three-time champion Saudi Arabia 1-0 to take the Asian Cup. Alberto Contador of Spain won the doping-scarred Tour de France.

One year ago: Norway began burying the dead a week after an anti-Muslim extremist killed 77 people in a bombing and shooting rampage.

Comedian “Professor” Irwin Corey is 98. Actor Robert Horton is 88. Actor Robert Fuller is 78. Former Sen. Elizabeth Dole is 76. Actor David Warner is 71. Marilyn Tucker Quayle, wife of former Vice President Dan Quayle, is 63. Actor Mike Starr is 62. Documentary maker Ken Burns is 59. Style guru Tim Gunn (“Project Runway”) is 59. Actor Kevin Chapman is 50. Actress Alexandra Paul is 49. Country singer Martina McBride is 46. Rock musician Chris Gorman is 45. Actor Wil Wheaton is 40. Country singer-songwriter James Otto is 39. Actor Stephen Dorff is 39. Actor Josh Radnor is 38. Actress Allison Mack is 30.

— From wire reports

It’s Sunday, July 29, the 211th day of 2012. There are 155 days left in the year.

• Mitt Romney meets with top Israeli leaders, including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in Jerusalem, eager to burnish his foreign policy credentials on a trip through England, Poland and the Holy Land. A1