LOS ANGELES — Jose Antonio Diaz dresses with Friday night bravado every day. He saunters into the skid row warehouse where his life is stored in a plastic trash bin, wearing a vivid blue Puma track jacket and close-fitting black jeans with leather shoes, his eyes hidden by shiny black and red shades.
He walks past signs in the lobby spelling out the rules: Bring ID and paperwork. Store nothing illegal, perishable or valuable. No drinking, no fighting, no defecating and no undressing. Come back every week to renew your bin.
Diaz’s bin is in the back, past neat rows of hundreds of black, brown, blue and green trash bins identical to those found at the end of residential driveways. Squinting in the dimly lit warehouse, an employee finds Diaz’s bin: No. 715.
There’s free clothing available on skid row, but Diaz buys his own threads. He keeps them in suitcases in his bin, along with an iron, several pairs of shoes and a receipt for the dry cleaners.
Diaz moved from Bakersfield to Los Angeles a few months ago with dreams of becoming a professional pianist.
With little money and no friends in town, he ended up on skid row and his belongings ended up here, at the Central City East Association’s storage center on 7th Street.
He’s struggling to adjust to being homeless. He often gets a bed in a shelter, but his roommates scare him. He’s seen fights, mental illness and overdoses.
Fashion gives him confidence, says Diaz, 27. He takes pride in his appearance.
Never enough bins
The Central City East Association, a nonprofit group serving local businesses, opened the center in 2002 with about 300 bins for homeless people’s belongings, later expanding to 600. The city paid for 500 more bins last year. There are never enough, supervisor Peggy Washington says.
The bins are free, but clients have to follow the rules, most of them written by Washington. But she spends much of her day making exceptions.
A man knocks at her office window. He has to travel to Commerce for job training at a pharmacy and won’t be around to reserve his bin next week. Can he have an extension?
Washington’s mouth stretches into a thin line at the word “pharmacy.” She’s heard a lot of excuses in her seven years here, and she’s not sure working in a drugstore is the best idea for an addict. But she will bend the rules to accommodate his initiative.
“All right,” she says, and gives him some extra time. “Come back Thursday.”
Some of the center’s clients are addicts and others face problems she doesn’t understand. So she shoots down bad excuses, offers leniency for honest ones and waits. When clients reach the point where they are ready to accept help, she confronts them.
“You’re dying,” she tells them bluntly. “Are you ready?”
Every now and then, someone finds a job and keeps it, or gets housing and stays there. That’s best part of her job, Washington says. When someone escapes.
She measures victories and defeats in two cardboard boxes along the wall of her office. One, labeled “DISCARDS 2013,” holds the paperwork of those who found jobs or housing and no longer need their bins. The other, stacked to the brim, contains the rental receipts of people who never came back. It’s labeled “GAVE UP 2013.”
Abandoned items are bagged, tagged and dragged to a fenced storage area in the back. They are held for 90 days. Then they disappear into a landfill.
In the tall metal shelves that hold unclaimed belongings, hints of past lives peek through the plastic bags like puzzle pieces — romance novels, new Barbie Princess sets, strings of pearls, blocky old computers and a cardboard advent calendar, the chocolate crumbling inside.
Lots of stories
Washington has seen many clients like Diaz — aspiring actors, hopeful artists and businessmen who just need a bit of startup capital.
“Lots of people have lots of interesting stories,” she says. “What I always ask is, what’s next? What are you going to do about it?”
Fernando, who is in his mid-40s and like some of the others at the center only wanted to give his first name, keeps a chessboard in his trash bin — printed black and white squares on a piece of paper backed with tape and corrugated cardboard.
He used to be a pretty good player, but then he lost his job and apartment last year. It’s hard to find a good match on skid row. He hasn’t played in months.
Fernando was laid off from his job as a Spanish medical translator in February 2012. His application for unemployment benefits was denied because he hadn’t worked long enough.
Becoming homeless stunned him, he says — “like someone puts explosives in your house and blows everything up.”
Fernando blames his situation on the economy. The only jobs he can find are backbreaking warehouse jobs, or positions outside the county that require long, expensive commutes.
“If someone was to make it easier on me, then yeah I would go,” Fernando said. “They tell me, you have to be open to everything, but what is everything?”
Washington, 55, understands Fernando’s pessimism better than most. She spent the better part of her 40s on skid row, addicted to crack cocaine.
When a client complains that she doesn’t understand his troubles, she fires back quickly: “Gladys and 7th was my home. Where’s yours?”
But she’s made all of the same excuses. They sound especially hollow to her now, after seven years of being sober.
“Skid row is too easy,” Washington says, ticking off why.
The government sends you a check every month — $221 for general relief, more for disability. A police officer wakes you in the morning. Municipal employees keep your section of the sidewalk clean. Homeless service providers give you food, clothing and medical care. And the Central City East Association gives you a place to keep your belongings.
Washington compares it to living in a hotel where everything is free. Many of the center’s clients become complacent, she said.