It’s Wednesday, March 13, the 72nd day of 2013. There are 293 days left in the year.
Budget — U.S. Rep. Paul Ryan’s “Pathway to Prosperity” plan will be formally drafted in the House Budget Committee; a Democratic counter plan will be unveiled, as well.
Science — The world’s most expensive and powerful ground-based telescope — the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, located in northern Chile — officially goes online
Highlight: In 1781, the seventh planet of the solar system, Uranus, was discovered by Sir William Herschel.
In 1639, New College was renamed Harvard College for clergyman John Harvard.
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed a measure prohibiting Union military officers from returning fugitive slaves to their owners.
In 1901, the 23rd President of the United States, Benjamin Harrison, died in Indianapolis at age 67.
In 1925, the Tennessee General Assembly approved a bill prohibiting the teaching of the theory of evolution. (Gov. Austin Peay signed the measure on March 21.)
In 1933, banks in the U.S. began to reopen after a “holiday” declared by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In 1938, famed attorney Clarence Darrow died in Chicago.
In 1943, author-poet Stephen Vincent Benet, 44, died in New York. Financier and philanthropist J.P. Morgan, Jr., 75, died in Boca Grande, Fla.
In 1964, bar manager Catherine “Kitty” Genovese, 28, was stabbed to death near her Queens, N.Y. home; the case generated controversy over the supposed failure of Genovese’s neighbors to respond to her cries for help.
In 1969, the Apollo 9 astronauts splashed down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.
In 1980, Ford Motor Chairman Henry Ford II announced he was stepping down, the same day a jury in Winamac, Ind., found the company not guilty of reckless homicide in the fiery deaths of three young women in a Ford Pinto.
In 1996, a gunman burst into an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, and opened fire, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself.
Ten years ago: Forced into a diplomatic retreat, U.S. officials said President George W. Bush might delay a vote on his troubled United Nations resolution or even drop it — and fight Iraq without the international body’s backing. The Senate voted 64-33 to ban a procedure that critics called partial birth abortion. (The measure passed the House and was signed into law by President Bush in November 2003.)
Five years ago: The body of Chaldean Catholic Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho was found in a shallow grave in northern Iraq, two weeks after he was kidnapped by gunmen in one of the most dramatic attacks against the country’s small Christian community.
One year ago: Twenty-two students returning from a ski holiday and six adults died when their bus crashed inside a tunnel in southern Switzerland. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. said it would stop publishing print editions of its flagship encyclopedia.
Singer-songwriter Neil Sedaka is 74. Opera singer Julia Migenes is 64. Actor William H. Macy is 63. Actress Dana Delany is 57. Rock musician Adam Clayton (U2) is 53. Jazz musician Terence Blanchard is 51. Actress Annabeth Gish is 42. Rapper-actor Common is 41. Actor Emile Hirsch is 28.
— From wire reports