Government planned to harness the Columbia for power in 1913

Published Feb 3, 2013 at 04:00AM

Compiled by Don Hoiness from archived copies of The Bulletin at the Des Chutes Historical Museum.

100 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

Feb. 2, 1913

Proposal to harness Columbia is endorsed

The United States government and the states of Oregon and Washington will each be asked to appropriate $50,000 that a detailed survey and thorough investigation of the proposed Columbia River power project may be made, as a result of an inspection made today at the prospective dam site by joint committees representing Oregon and Washington.

The visitors were greatly impressed by the narrowness of the river. Here the entire volume of water of the Columbia passes between walls of rock 200 feet apart.

State Engineer Lewis said he’s certain that Oregon could dispose of its 300,000 continuous horsepower available only eight months in the year.

He suggested that each state and the national government jointly raise $150,000, the amount needed to conduct the survey.

Governor West said he favors the appropriation being made, and the committees from the two states said they would unanimously recommend the appropriations to their Legislatures and to the government for the purpose of making a detailed survey of the power project, whose estimated cost is $23 million. It would take one year to make the investigation, Mr. Lewis thinks.

Work on sewer starts again

Last night R.E. Koon, construction engineer for the city, returned from Portland where he had been adjusting the final matters with the sewer contractors and arranging for the continuance of construction by the city.

This morning the steam drilling outfit working in the alley west of Wall Street was again put in operation, and about 20 men are working. The second boiler, installed at the corner of Wall and Ohio streets, is ready to use, and will be started on Monday, the two drill to be used with it having arrived today. Work will be done on Ohio Street with them.

Arrangements have been made to get a compressed air drilling outfit in from Portland, and this is scheduled to arrive in a couple of weeks. With the steam drills all working, about 40 men will be employed and when the compressor is installed this number probably will be doubled. The fact that hand drilling has been found uneconomical has caused the engineer to abandon that method entirely.

At the outset all work will be done by day labor, until the exact cost of handling the different items is established, after which every effort will be made to let out piece or station work. A trial will be made in some of the deeper portions of the trench of tunneling; that is, instead of opening up the entire trench going down to bottom at intervals and then connecting the holes with a tunnel along the trench bottom.

75 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

Feb. 2, 1938

Roosevelt calls for larger Army and Navy

President Roosevelt today warned Congress that America’s national defense is inadequate for national security and called for a long-term billion dollar defense program, and asked for immediate start on construction of two additional dreadnoughts and two naval cruisers.

He asked additions of more than $20 million to the present billion-dollar defense expenditures called for in the 1939 fiscal year.

Roosevelt asked — in view of war alarms spreading through the world — that Congress turn its immediate attention to enactment of legislation designed to eliminate profiteering in any future war and to equalize burdens of any possible war so far as possible.

The new defense program would add $20.8 million to the nation’s 1939 military and naval costs, plus whatever might be spent in launching the proposed new dreadnoughts and cruisers.

“Tension throughout the world is high” declared Roosevelt. “Armies are fighting in the far east and in Europe; thousands of civilians are being driven from their homes and bombed from the air.

“As commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy of the United States it is my constitutional duty to report to the Congress that our national defense is, in light of the increasing armaments of other nations, inadequate for purposes of national security and required increase for that reason.”

Roosevelt noted that the defense problems of the nation are not simple — that America has two long coast lines and must face possibility in which both coasts might be involved.

“We cannot be certain that the connecting link — the Panama Canal — would be safe. Adequate defense affects therefore the simultaneous defense of every part of the United States of America.”

Roosevelt declared that his arms proposals were designed solely for defense and to implement the nation’s efforts for world peace.

Completion of the recommended naval program would give the United States a Navy second to none in the world — of strength equal to Britain’s mighty fighting fleet.

50 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

Feb. 2, 1963

Editorial: Ruining our greatest natural resource

The greatest problem in the U.S. today is water pollution, a terrible thing. You may not know it, but we in Central Oregon are slowly, but surely, ruining our water. A reason for this is that people use chemical detergent to clean dishes. When the housewives rinse their suds down the drain, they run into streams, lakes and rivers. On some streams you can see suds piling up on top of each other on the water on a stormy day. The housewives’ reply to this is, “Well you can’t get the dishes squeaky clean without those detergents.”

Another reason is that the cities run their sewers right into lakes and other bodies of water. At Lake Tahoe, on the border of California and Nevada, there are huge mansions on the bank of the lake. The refuse from these houses eventually drains into the lake.

People used to be able to drink right out of the lake. It’s so polluted now they can’t even use it for radiator water. The lake used to be able to filter this out, but it is unable to do it now.

Another reason is carelessness. One man will build a house and blast a hole for water. Another man will build a house right next to the other man’s house and blast a hole for a toilet right next to the others man’s water hole. When he flushes the toilet, all the junk goes into the other man’s water. Around here we’ve been lucky because the lava has filtered all the stuff out. Bend has been lucky because it doesn’t have a very large population. Bend had better plan for the future.

— Jay Maudlin, Chief Editor, Kenwood News-Views, Kenwood School, Bend

Letter: Artificial tracks would ‘build’ herds

To the Editor: This controversy between the State Game Department and the hunters can be solved. The game department claims the winter range will not hold any more deer.

To solve the road hunter problem is easy, for he goes by the deer track, and deer he sees along the road. I am going to show you how to make lots of deer track along the road.

This is a secret that I kept for 53 years; I probably will never need it anymore. Gather up the legs of the animals you want to show the track of, cut off the bottom of the hooves to 2 inches above the end of the hoof. Nail them on a board 5 inches by 6 inches. Nail them on from the inside so the nails don’t show. Nail them on so they will make tracks like the animal is walking. Tack or screw them on your shoes, put two boards on each foot and keep them out of the sun when not in use.

Now walk down an old road or field where the ground is dusty or soft, for you have turned yourself into a deer, horse, cow, elk or what have you. If this is done right you will even fool yourself at times.

A friend of mine thought this one up in Mexico to throw off the border guards.

— A. Meglitsch, Redmond

25 YEARS AGO

For the week ending

Feb. 2, 1988

Nakada and Nelson

When Laura Nakada and Laurie Nelson were growing up, they found themselves playing basketball with boys.

“When I was in third or fourth grade, my brother Chet and Ray Garretson would let me shoot around with them,” said Nakada, the leading scorer for Mountain View High. “In fifth grade I didn’t think I would go out for the team, because I thought I was terrible. It ended up none of the other girls had ever played and I was a step ahead.”

Nelson, Redmond High’s talented guard, remembers her problems as a youth.

“In second grade, we had co-ed teams,” she said. “All the boys didn’t like to pass the ball to a girl.”

Now seniors, both will probably land berths on the IMC first-team for the second consecutive season.

Nakada and Nelson have been meeting since seventh grade and the two will square off again tonight.

For first-year MV Coach Bill Yonge, Nakada has been the glue keeping a young crew together.

“Her experience has meant a lot, her leadership has meant a lot,” Yonge said.

Under Yonge, the Cougars have become a team that concentrates on defense and ball control. The change has not bothered Nakada in the least.

“If the shot is there, I’ll take it, she said. “If not, I’ll pass off. I’d much rather have the team win and me not score any points than score 25 points and lose.”

Nelson came into the season with a specific goal in mind — make the playoffs for the fourth year in a row.

Nelson earned her spot in Panther hoop history her freshman year.

“She came into an overtime ball game against Crook County,” said RHS Coach Dick Branaugh. “I said, ‘We’ve got to get someone in there with some quicks.’ She caused the turnover and hit the winning bucket.”

Since then, she’s been a major part of the Panther’s success.

Nelson and Nakada don’t know each other very well except on the basketball court. There they share a silent kinship.

“It’s competitive, but it’s fun. You know how she’s going to play,” said Nelson of Nakada.

“I admire her athletic ability,” said Nakada of her foe. “She’s an excellent competitor. Playing against her is a challenge.”

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